12 November 2013 Last updated at 08:58 ET

As it happened: Philippines typhoon disaster

Key Points

  • The UN has launched an appeal for $301m (£190m) to help areas in the Philippines devastated by Typhoon Haiyan
  • At least 10,000 people are feared to have been killed. Survivors desperately require aid but reports say little is getting through.
  • The US and UK are sending ships and aircraft which will provide humanitarian assistance, supplies and medical care
  • Philippine President Benigno Aquino has declared a state of national calamity
  • All times GMT

    Welcome to our live coverage of the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan, as relief efforts gather pace and aid agencies race to get humanitarian assistance to victims of the storm.


    The UN has launched an appeal for $301m (£190m) to help relief efforts in typhoon-hit areas. It estimates 11.3 million people have been affected, with 673,000 displaced.


    "We've just launched an action plan focusing on the areas of food, health, sanitation, shelter, debris removal and also protection of the most vulnerable... and I very much hope our donors will be generous," AFP news agency quotes UN humanitarian chief Valerie Amos as telling reporters in Manila.


    "They need food, they need water, they need shelter. People need to be protected," Baroness Amos tells the BBC.


    @erelcabatbat tweets a picture, saying: "a gut wrenching site in Bonbon, Cebu--children braving the rains to ask for help, food."

    Sophie Atkins, in Leicester, UK

    My Dad's wife Lanicar lives in Tacloban. My Dad lives here in England and Lanicar lives with her family in Tacloban. On Thursday 7th November Lanicar was speaking to Dad online and Lanicar said that the storm was coming and that they were going to have to turn the power off. That was the last time my Dad heard from Lanicar. He has been watching the news every hour of the day - it is breaking his heart that he doesn't know if his wife is dead or alive.

    Joe and Gina, in Indianapolis, USA

    My wife's family, brothers, sisters, aunts and uncles are from Tacloban and Leyte area. Her sister's daughter Chatty is attending college in Tacloban. We just got word at 0330 am in Indianapolis that immediate family is ok.

    1104: Tulip Mazumdar Global health reporter

    says that the World Health Organization is working around the clock to help co-ordinate incoming relief supplies from more than 30 international humanitarian health organisations to ensure there is minimum duplication of materials and medicines arriving at any one location, and that hospitals, personnel and supplies get as quickly as possible to those places where they are needed most.

    Nigel Barnes, in Manila, Philippines

    There are many, many Filipinos who want to help. For example, my wife has got together with her ex-classmates to send water, food and medicines. They are trying to use their contacts in the local airlines because there is no other way to deliver.

    Young survivors of Typhoon Haiyan wait to be evacuated on a military plane at Tacloban airport, Leyte province, in the central Philippines, on Tuesday Over 11 million people were affected by the typhoon, with young children a particular priority for aid agencies. Here, children wait to be evacuated out of Tacloban
    BBC's Mark Sandell

    tweets: Use #BBCOS to try to get information of friends and relatives in #Phillipines - the @bbcworldservice prog is being heard across the country


    The effect of this disaster on agriculture is a longer-term concern. In Rome, the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization warns that more than a million rice farmers will be affected by the destruction of rice paddies. Coconut production and fishing will be badly hit, as well as storage facilities and agricultural infrastructure.

    Mark, in the UK

    I volunteered with Volunteer for the Visayans (VFV), a local NGO in Tacloban city 2 years ago, and I visited again this year. It is so overwhelming to see such devastating images. One of my friends who is there now was asked to leave, but she refused and wants to continue her effort to help a rural village where it usually suffers local flooding. I last spoke to her on Thursday, I have not heard from her since. I hope she is getting clean water and food.

    Benjamin G. Lee, in Manila

    I am in Manila and we only had strong winds here during the Haiyan devastation down south. However, my heart bleeds knowing and learning of what happened. I am training people in relief and development. We have been trying to train people, raise funds and connect with everyone out there.

    Maria Ashot, in Rome, Italy

    The Katrina disaster alone should have been a sufficiently compelling wake-up call for the world. Asian floods of recent years have also proven the point: Governments need to stockpile fresh drinking water and essential medicines for emergencies in secure, accessible facilities.


    The UN's humanitarian chief Valerie Amos tells the BBC about the $301m appeal to help the "absolutely desperate" victims of Haiyan.


    A US aircraft carrier, the George Washington, is en route to the Philippines to assist the relief effort. A navy spokesman, Commander William Marks, told the BBC World Service "we provide: first, medical capabilities; second, water-making capabilities and other supplies; and then third, we're also bringing a way to get things to and from - 21 helicopters". He said the ship should be in the region in 48 hours.


    There is a grim task before this woman, searching body bags in Tacloban for missing loved ones.

    A woman searches for missing loved ones in bodybags in Tacloban city, devastated by Typhoon Haiyan, in the central Philippines on Tuesday

    You can find video reports from BBC journalists on the ground all in one place.


    Naderev Yeb Sano, Philippines envoy to the UN climate talks in Warsaw, believes climate change explains the severity of Typhoon Haiyan. On Monday, he told the conference he would fast until progress was made on the issue. Speaking to the BBC World Service, he said: "The science is clear in saying that the potential for typhoons to become more intense goes along with climate change." He demanded urgent action, saying: "We had [a super typhoon] last year, another one this year, both are catastrophic. The Filipino people cannot keep living like this."


    Meanwhile, Reuters tells the unhappily ironic story of an official with the Philippine Climate Change Commission who was hit by Typhoon Haiyan while travelling to the region to try to teach local officials how to adapt to climate change. "It sounded like a pig being slaughtered," the official, Belle Segayo, said of the noise of Tacloban city being torn apart and inundated with surging seawater. "We experienced first hand what we had been lecturing."

    1202: Imogen Foulkes BBC News, Geneva

    reports that although the immediate priority for the UN is providing food, water and medical supplies, the UN refugee agency is also sending in a special team of protection officers to help the most vulnerable among those affected. The refugee agency's Adrian Edwards tells her that, in the wake of such a disaster, women and children are at greater risk of exploitation and abuse.


    Disappointment is etched on the faces of this family, who failed to get seats on a flight out of disaster-hit Tacloban on Tuesday

    A mother cries after her family failed to get a flight on a C-130 military plane out of Tacloban, Leyte province, central Philippines on Tuesday, as hundreds of residents try to leave the city due to an approaching tropical storm
    Rhodora Carpenter, in Hampshire

    My other family live in Leyte, one of the villages that has been badly affected by the super storm Haiyan. As others they are desperate to survive, one member of the family is alive, but the rest of them we don't know yet, so worrying.


    The Philippines is sadly all too familiar with natural disaster. Since 2002, the country has had 182 recorded disasters, which killed almost 11,000 people, says the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - not including Typhoon Bopha, which killed more than 1,000 people in the southern Philippines last December, nor Haiyan.

    Christian, in London

    My mother, father-in-law, grandmother, several uncles, aunts and cousins are all in the village of Tabontabon, Leyte, about 20 miles south-west of Tacloban. We haven't heard from them since Thursday. I hope the authorities can get food, water, shelter and medical aid to them soon, I can imagine they'll be struggling to survive if they go any longer without help.


    tweets with a picture, saying: easy-open ready-to-eat meals for food relief. It comes in four flavours and with halal certification

    1225: Kate McGeown BBC News, former Philippines correspondent

    says there's much concern among Filipinos about reports of looting following Typhoon Haiyan. "I think one of the things that's bothering people in the Philippines especially is all this talk about looting, because obviously there's a lot of desperation out there. Some people are saying, 'It's not as if people are looting furniture, or televisions, or things like that. They want food. They're scavenging for food. And is that really looting, or just people wanting to stay alive?' People are thinking perhaps the Philippines have been a little bit misrepresented."

    Victoria Beckham

    tweets: Our thoughts are with those in the Philippines. Please help support typhoon #Haiyan relief


    The BBC team in Tacloban have sent more images of the devastation all around.

    Destruction wrought by Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban, central Philippines
    BBC News website reader

    texts: We need to know about the island of Homonhon near Guiuan. Nobody has reported anything about Homonhon and we have family there, we are desperate to know if they are safe, so please can someone help us.


    "A wasteland of sodden debris, and bloated corpses... the needs of this city are massive, and urgent," says our correspondent Jonathan Head in Tacloban.

    Devastation in Tacloban
    Journalist Paul O'Flynn

    tweets: Will be reporting from the Philippines on aftermath of #Haiyan for @rtenews in the coming days. Travelling to Cebu with cameraman @ColmHand


    The Philippines' patchy infrastructure urgently needs addressing if it is to better respond to the frequent natural disasters that strike, HSBC economist Trinh Nguyen tells AP news agency. "It's hard to prepare for the worst storm in the world. But at the same time one of the issues now is there isn't a way to access these places that are severely hit. The roads are not there."

    Reuters Top News

    tweets: New Twitter header shows a town in Samar, Philippines after #Haiyan. Photo by @ErikdeCastro.

    1256: Tulip Mazumdar Global health reporter

    says sanitation systems in the worst-hit parts of the Philippines have been destroyed, with sewage contaminating fresh water supplies and increasing the risk of disease. Health officials say some 12,000 babies are due to be born in affected areas in the next two weeks alone - many will have to be delivered in makeshift facilities after hospitals were flattened.

    1257: Anna Oposa, in Manila, flying to Cebu tomorrow

    The BBC spoke to Anna Oposa, in Manila, who has set up a donations page called Bundles of Joy, and will be helping with distribution of aid when she arrives in Cebu. She told us: "My friends and I set up the Bundles of Joy page just three days ago. We've created 500 bundles of donations since then. The response has been quite overwhelming. I will fly to Cebu and meet up with people to sort out donations and relief efforts. There's only one area receiving support at the moment so we're going to try and reach other parts of the islands."

    1301: Christine Atillo-Villero, Philippines

    The BBC also spoke to Christine Atillo-Villero, in the Philippines. She said her parents were lucky to survive. She told us: "My parents survived because they live in a sturdy house. Ten neighbours survived because they were in my parents' house. The rest were washed out. About 90% of houses were destroyed. Now there is chaos. People are looting to get food. They're even going into other people's houses. I'm a doctor and I'm hoping to put a team of medics together and go back to Tacloban."


    China's "relatively paltry" donation to the Philippine recovery effort comes into focus in a Reuters story, which quotes observers critical of the $200,000 (£126,000) sum. "The Chinese leadership has missed an opportunity to show its magnanimity," says Joseph Cheng, a political science professor at the City University of Hong Kong - compared to, say, arch-rival Japan, which gave $10m.

    BBC News website reader

    texts: We're getting married in 4 weeks &, after watching the news yesterday, have dumped the wedding list & have told all our friends & family to please give to the Philippines appeal..... It's not nearly enough....


    These survivors have taken shelter in the Tacloban City Convention Centre

    Families take refuge in an indoor basketball stadium at the Tacloban City Convention Centre, which has become a homeless shelter after super typhoon Haiyan battered Tacloban city in the central Philippines on Tuesday

    UN spokesman Greg Barrow says aid organisations have learned lessons from the tsunami that hit Japan two years ago. "There are problems when you pile in enormous amounts of assistance and you don't know how you are going to get it out to the affected communities. What we're seeing is a sort of very, very rapid clean-up operation - roads being cleared, communication systems being set up. I think as soon as that... is in place you're going to see a rapid acceleration and ramping-up of the aid operation."


    Mr Barrow goes on: "It's frustrating now and our thoughts are with those people who are living in those destroyed communities. Their situation is absolutely desperate. But help is on the way and it's going to come very, very soon."

    AP journalist Cassandra Vinograd

    tweets: Eyewitness to #Haiyan: @AP photographer Bullit Marquez shares what it's like to cover the aftermath of the #typhoon

    Jane Cooper, UNICEF UK

    tweets: I visited Philippines last year and speak in this short @UNICEF_uk video about how #UNICEF is helping after #Haiyan

    1328: Jon Donnison BBC News, Tacloban

    says there is a striking level of resilience and good nature among the survivors of this disaster, and he has encountered no sense of hostility. The Philippines is a very religious country - more than 80% of the population is Catholic - and people feel lucky to have survived, rather than unlucky to have been hit in the first place.


    The Tech Crunch blog is calling for developers to help the Philippine government to "build tools that will help co-ordinate rescue efforts, enable crisis communication and make sure emergency supplies and food are quickly distributed to areas in need".


    tweets: A new category 1 typhoon now hitting Cebu - Comms semi impossible as rain buckets down. More tragedy and suffering for people here #Typhoon


    On ScienceBlogs, Greg Laden examines the role of "one single factor that almost certainly contributed to the growth of Haiyan/Yolanda into a very powerful storm, a factor that probably doesn't usually play into a storm's strength... an anomaly in sea surface temperatures that was almost certainly caused by global warming".


    However, rival blog Watts Up With That questions whether Haiyan was one of the worst storms the world ever experienced, and whether global warming was to blame.


    It's time for us to wrap up our live page on Typhoon Haiyan. Please continue to check the website's front page for comprehensive ongoing coverage.


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