Thailand protests: PM Yingluck invokes security powers

The BBC's Jonathan Head in Bangkok reports the mood in the city is "heated and unpredictable"

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The Thai prime minister has invoked special powers in Bangkok and elsewhere after anti-government protesters forced their way into two key ministries.

Yingluck Shinawatra was responding to a second day of demonstrations in Bangkok by tens of thousands of people calling for her government to resign.

Her decision to enforce the Internal Security Act enables officials to impose curfews and seal roads.

The protests have been triggered by a controversial political amnesty bill.

The demonstrators, who had staged a huge rally on Sunday, marched on Monday to several different locations in Bangkok, including the police headquarters and TV stations.

The BBC's Jonathan Head in Bangkok says the first government department to fall was the finance ministry which, according to the protesters, misuses the country's budget.

The protesters then forced their way into the foreign ministry as well as the government's public relations department.

The prime minister went on national TV saying that their "illegal actions" threatened "the stability of the government" and prevented civil servants from doing their work.

Policemen in Bangkok, 25 Nov The PM said the protests threatened the stability of the government
Thai military officials look up towards opposition protesters in Bangkok on 25 November 2013 The protests have been triggered by a controversial political amnesty bill
Protesters in Bangkok, 25 Nov Special security measures will now be enforced in many parts

However she insisted the government did not want to see a repeat of the violence that led to dozens of people being killed in a military crackdown.

"Our National Security service is now monitoring the protest and we are trying to handle the protesters without any violence," she said.

Special security measures would now be enforced in large parts of the capital, Nonthaburi to the north and areas to the east that included the airport, she added.

Campaign leader Suthep Thaugsuban - a former opposition Democratic Party lawmaker - described the protesters' entry into government buildings as a "peaceful seizure by the people" so that the "Thaksin system can no longer work".

The demonstrators say the amnesty legislation would have allowed ousted leader Thaksin Shinawatra - Ms Yingluck's brother - to return to Thailand without serving a jail sentence for corruption.

Thailand has been bitterly divided since Mr Thaksin was ousted in a military coup in 2006.

The amnesty bill failed to pass in the Senate earlier this month. But the proposal re-ignited simmering political divisions and raised the spectre of renewed political turmoil in the South East Asian nation.

A Thai opposition protester waves a clapper during a rally at Democracy Monument in Bangkok on 24 November 2013 An estimated 100,000 opposition supporters protested in Bangkok on Sunday
Thai pro-government "Red Shirts" waves clappers as they gather at Rajamangala stadium in Bangkok on 24 November 2013 Tens of thousands of government supporters also held a rally on Sunday
'Calling the shots'

Mr Suthep had said Monday's protest would be peaceful, with crowds "blowing whistles and handing out flowers".

The demonstrators marched to state offices, military headquarters and television stations.

But at the finance ministry, hundreds of people swarmed into the compound. The police were conspicuous by their absence, our correspondent says. During the evening, they also moved into the grounds of the foreign ministry.

"Tomorrow [Tuesday] we will seize all ministries to show to the Thaksin system that they have no legitimacy to run the country," AFP news agency quoted the protest leader as saying.

Thailand's troubles

  • Sept 2006: Army overthrows government of Thaksin Shinawatra, rewrites constitution
  • Dec 2007: Pro-Thaksin People Power Party wins most votes in election
  • Aug 2008: Mr Thaksin flees into exile before end of corruption trial
  • Dec 2008: Mass yellow-shirt protests paralyse Bangkok; Constitutional Court bans People Power Party; Abhisit Vejjajiva comes to power
  • Mar-May 2010: Thousands of pro-Thaksin red shirts occupy parts of Bangkok; eventually cleared by army; dozens killed
  • July 2011: Yingluck Shinawatra leads Pheu Thai party to general election win

Sunday's demonstration had drawn an estimated 100,000 people, who called on the government to step down.

"We have stood by silently while her [PM Yingluck Shinawatra's] brother calls the shots and she runs the country into the ground with loss-making policies," Reuters news agency quoted protester Suwang Ruangchai, 54, as saying.

About 40,000 government supporters held a separate rally in another part of the capital on Sunday.

Two years after Mr Thaksin was ousted in 2006, groups opposed to him occupied Bangkok's main airport, shutting it down.

Then in 2010, those who backed him and his allies held two months of street protests that paralysed Bangkok.

Those demonstrations ended in a military crackdown. More than 90 people - mostly civilian protesters - died over the course of the two-month sit-in.

A government led by Mr Thaksin's sister was subsequently elected and since then Thailand has remained relatively politically stable.

But the opposition accuse Mr Thaksin of running the government from self-imposed exile overseas, and the now-shelved amnesty bill has served as a spark for renewed protests.

The bill applied to offences committed during the upheaval after Mr Thaksin was removed from office. Ms Yingluck's government had argued that the legislation was a necessary step towards reconciliation.

But critics said it would allow human rights abuses - such as the killing of civilian protesters - to go unpunished.

And the opposition viewed it as a way of overturning the jail sentence given to Mr Thaksin, paving the way for his return.

Thaksin Shinawatra is a deeply polarising figure in Thai politics.

He drew huge support from Thailand's rural poor but strong opposition from other sectors in society, and the divisions dating from the 2006 coup continue to dominate the political landscape.

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