China mulls holidays marking Japanese defeat and Nanjing massacre

76th anniversary of the Nanjing massacre. Dec 2013 Last year China marked the 76th anniversary of the Nanjing massacre

Related Stories

China is considering two new national holidays to mark the war against Japan in the 1930s and 40s, amid rising anti-Japanese sentiment.

The plan, now submitted to parliament, is to mark the formal surrender of Japan in 1945 and the anniversary of the Nanjing massacre in 1937.

China says some 300,000 civilians were massacred in the city after its occupation by Japanese troops.

Japanese nationalists dispute the Chinese version.

Nationalist sentiment has been rising in China, fanned by a dispute with Japan over uninhabited islands in the East China Sea.

According to the draft laws now before the National People's Congress, 3 September would be "Victory Day of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression", the official Xinhua news agency said.

In addition, 13 December would be a "national memorial day to commemorate those killed by Japanese aggressors during the Nanjing massacre", Xinhua reported.

Japanese forces invaded and occupied Manchuria in northern China in 1931.

A wider war between the two countries began in 1937 and ended with Japan's surrender in August 1945, days after the US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Ties between China and Japan have recently been strained by the territorial row over a group of islands, known as the Senkaku islands in Japan and the Diaoyu islands in China.

The islands - controlled by Japan - are close to important shipping lanes, offer rich fishing grounds and lie near potential oil and gas reserves.

More on This Story

Related Stories

From other news sites

* May require registration or subscription

More Asia stories


Features & Analysis

  • Martin Gardner as a young manThink hard

    Was this man the world's greatest puzzle master?

  • Carved pumpkinTrick or treat

    What did a riot at a pumpkin festival show about race in US?

  • A woman puts on a surgical mask during hospital Ebola training in Alabama.'Dark continent'

    Is prejudice fuelling Ebola outbreak hysteria in the US?

  • Oscar de la Renta and Oprah WinfreyIn pictures

    The life and work of Oscar de la Renta

Elsewhere on the BBC

  • FutureThe future is now

    Get the latest updates and biggest ideas from BBC Future’s World-Changing Ideas Summit


  • Smart glassesClick Watch

    Smart spectacles go into battle – the prototypes looking to take on Google Glass

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.