Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra faces charges over rice scheme

Supporters of the Thai PM have blocked access gates, as Jonathan Head reports

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Thailand's embattled prime minister has sent her lawyers to an anti-corruption panel to hear charges of negligence over a government rice subsidy scheme.

PM Yingluck Shinawatra's opponents, who are seeking to replace her, say the programme was rife with corruption.

If found guilty, Ms Yingluck could be removed from office and face a five-year ban from politics.

Thailand's political crisis has become increasingly violent since mass anti-government protests began in November.

Ms Yingluck, who flew to the northern city of Chiang Rai on Wednesday, did not attend the National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) in person.

Instead, she sent her lawyers to hear the charges set against her.

Blockading tactics

The prime minister, who denies the corruption charges, says she is willing to co-operate with the NACC "to establish the facts".

The rice subsidy programme - a flagship policy of Ms Yingluck's administration - saw the Thai government buying farmers' crops for the past two years at prices up to 50% higher than world prices.

The policy was originally popular with farmers. However, it has led to Thailand's rice exports being badly hit and accumulated losses of at least $4.4bn (3.2bn euros: £2.6bn).

Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra leaves the Thai Air Force headquarters after a cabinet meeting in Bangkok, Thailand, on 25 February 2014. PM Yingluck Shinawatra is under intense pressure to step down and make way for an interim government
Anti-government protesters wave Thai flags during a rally outside the national police headquarters in Bangkok on 26 February 2014. Demonstrators have been blocking official buildings, including the prime minister's office, since late last year
A government supporter shouts slogans during a rally outside the National Anti-Corruption Commission office in Nonthaburi province, on the outskirts of Bangkok, 27 February 2014 On Thursday, government supporters rallied outside the NACC to prevent officials from entering
Anti-government protesters hold posters of victims of a recent bomb blast, six-year-old Patcharakorn Yosubon (L) and her brother four-year-old Koravitch Yosubon (C), as they march in a rally outside the national police headquarters in Bangkok, 26 February 2014 Several people, including children, have been killed in violent attacks

Recently, the scheme has left many farmers out of pocket, as the government cannot borrow money to make the payments until a new parliament has convened.

Thailand's troubles

  • Sep 2006: Army ousts Thaksin Shinawatra
  • Dec 2007: Pro-Thaksin party wins election
  • Aug 2008: Thaksin flees Thailand
  • Dec 2008: Huge anti-Thaksin protests; court bans ruling party; Abhisit Vejjajiva comes to power
  • Mar-May 2010: Huge pro-Thaksin protests; dozens killed in army crackdown
  • Jul 2011: Yingluck Shinawatra, sister of Thaksin, elected PM
  • Nov 2013: Anti-government protests
  • Dec 2013: Ms Yingluck calls election
  • Jan 2014: Ms Yingluck declares state of emergency
  • 2 Feb 2014: Election, with 90% of polling stations operating normally

Ms Yingluck says she was only in charge of formulating the policy, not the day-to-day running of the scheme.

She has complained that the commission has treated her unfairly, the BBC's Jonathan Head in Bangkok reports.

For the first time since anti-government protesters began blockading ministries in Bangkok last year, the prime minister's supporters have begun to use the same tactic, our correspondent adds. They surrounded the office of the NACC and chained the gate to prevent officials from entering.

As a result, the hearing had to be moved to another location.

A spokesman for Ms Yingluck's Pheu Thai party suggested that the NACC was biased against the prime minister.

"People have started to notice that if it is a blue [Democrat] government it is always slow. But if it is a red [Pheu Thai] government it is always quick. Isn't that true? We want the NACC to answer this," spokesman Prompong Nopparit said in quotes carried by AP news agency.

Tensions have been on the rise in recent weeks, with shootings and recent grenade attacks targeting anti-government protest sites.

Four children were among the dead in separate violent attacks in the Thai capital, Bangkok, last weekend. At least 20 people have died since hundreds of thousands of protesters took to the streets on 24 November.

'Avoid confrontation'

The protests have disrupted the government's ability to function over the last three months, blocking roads and government agencies to pressure Ms Yingluck to resign.

Anti-government demonstrators want Ms Yingluck's government replaced with an unelected "people's council".

However, Ms Yingluck's party has broad support from rural areas, and there are fears that any confrontation between Ms Yingluck's supporters and opponents could turn violent.

National security chief Paradorn Pattanatabutr told Reuters news agency: "The government must do everything it can to avoid confrontation and to prevent each side setting up stages or rallies near each other."

The US has expressed concern over the violence in Thailand.

"Violence is not an acceptable means of resolving political differences," US State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.

"We reiterate our call for all sides to exercise restraint and urge Thai authorities to investigate thoroughly and transparently all recent acts of violence."

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