Hiroshima marks 70 years since atomic bomb

  • 6 August 2015
  • From the section Asia
Media captionShinzo Abe: "We have to continue our effort to achieve a world without nuclear weapons"

Residents in the Japanese city of Hiroshima are commemorating the 70th anniversary of the first atomic bomb being dropped by a US aircraft.

A ceremony, attended by PM Shinzo Abe, was held at Hiroshima's memorial park before thousands of lanterns are released on the city's Motoyasu river.

The bombing - and a second one on Nagasaki three days later - is credited with bringing to an end World War Two.

But it claimed the lives of at least 140,000 people in the city.

A US B-29 bomber called the Enola Gay dropped the uranium bomb, exploding some 600m (1,800ft) above the city, at around 08:10 on 6 August 1945.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption People offered prayers for victims of the atomic bombing in front of a cenotaph in Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park

On that day alone, at least 70,000 people are believed to have been killed. Many more died of horrific injuries caused by radiation poisoning in the days, weeks and months that followed.

People across Japan have observed a minute's silence to mark the anniversary. In Hiroshima a bell tolled at 08:15 local time - when the US aircraft dropped the bomb that flattened the city centre.

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Addressing 40,000 people who attended the commemoration ceremony at Hiroshima's peace park near the epicentre of the 1945 attack, Mr Abe called for worldwide nuclear disarmament.

He said that that atomic bomb not only killed thousands of people in Hiroshima but also caused unspeakable suffering to survivors.

"Today Hiroshima has been revived," the prime minister said, "and has become a city of culture and prosperity.

"Seventy years on I want to reemphasise the necessity of world peace."

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Image caption Doves were released over the Atomic Bomb Dome during the peace memorial ceremony
Image copyright EPA
Image caption Incense sticks were burnt in the city on Thursday morning
Image copyright EPA
Image caption Prayers were said throughout Hiroshima on Thursday
Image copyright AP
Image caption Children staged a die-in in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome in Hiroshima
Image copyright EPA
Image caption Mr Abe said that as the sole country to face nuclear attack, Japan has a duty to push for nuclear weapons elimination

Mr Abe and Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui were joined by US Ambassador to Japan Caroline Kennedy for the official ceremony of remembrance on Thursday, which included silent prayers, the release of doves and a declaration of peace.

Mr Matsui described nuclear weapons as an "absolute evil" while urging the world to put an end to them forever.

"To coexist we must abolish the... ultimate inhumanity that is nuclear weapons. Now is the time to start taking action," he said in his annual speech.

Later in the day, thousands of paper lanterns will be released on the city's Motoyasu River - symbolising the journey to the afterlife of those who died.

The anniversary comes as divisions in Japan rise over Mr Abe's bid to pass unpopular legislation to expand the country's military role worldwide.

The bomb that changed the world

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption A mushroom cloud over Hiroshima following the explosion of an atomic bomb
  • The bomb was nicknamed "Little Boy" and was thought to have the explosive force of 20,000 tonnes of TNT.
  • Colonel Paul Tibbets, a 30-year-old colonel from Illinois, led the mission to drop the atomic bomb on Japan.
  • The Enola Gay, the plane which dropped the bomb, was named in tribute to Col Tibbets' mother.
  • The final target was decided less than an hour before the bomb was dropped. The good weather conditions over Hiroshima sealed the city's fate.
  • On detonation, the temperature at the burst-point of the bomb was several million degrees. Thousands of people on the ground were killed or injured instantly.

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