China facing one child policy dilemma
21 September 2012 Last updated at 15:04 BST
China's incoming new Communist Party leaders face a difficult question - has the time come to end the one child policy?
Figures from the latest census show China's birth-rate has fallen way below the level necessary to keep the population stable. The policy is unpopular, and it is leading to serious imbalances.
Damian Grammaticas reports.