9 November 2012
Last updated at 02:41
Veteran Indian photographer Raghu Rai has been working with Save the Children for the past three years on its campaign to reduce child deaths in India. As part of the project, Mr Rai went to Delhi slums to "capture the deplorable condition of health among women and children".
Malnutrition is the leading cause of child mortality in India. It accounts for one-third of all deaths among children under five. This child was only 1.7kg (3.7 lb) at birth. According to the UN, 1.65 million children under five die every year in India from easily preventable diseases - more than any other country.
Mr Rai has been a photographer for nearly five decades, but has refrained from taking photographs that show too much misery. "Frankly, poverty makes for very easy pictures, it evokes dramatic visuals... and creates a frame of its own. So it must be done in a manner that doesn't compromise the dignity of the people," he says.
Mr Rai says his first day working with Save the Children was an eye-opener. "I could not pick up my camera for the first hour or so. I was just so overwhelmed to see the squalid houses, open drains... It was beyond what we call sub-human conditions."
His work has been published as a photobook, Outside the Margins - accompanied by an exhibition in Delhi. Mr Rai says it has been titled that way because it offers a glimpse into the lives of those living "outside the margins" - like Salma with her three-year-old daughter Nagma, who is is in danger of becoming malnourished.
Save the Children says that nearly half of Indian women give birth without a skilled attendant. In a recent report, it says that a woman in India is almost eight times more likely to die during pregnancy or child birth than her counterpart in Sri Lanka.
More than half the babies in India are delivered at home even when it is critical that they receive care at a facility. In urban slums, child mortality rates are high because of extreme poverty, cramped and unsanitary conditions which lead to the spread of diseases and low immunisation levels for children.
Thousands of rural poor from the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal come to Delhi in search of a better future. But the city offers them no respite and most families are pushed into abject poverty and a grinding experience in the urban landscape.
Health workers are crucial for bringing much-needed care and counselling for mothers and babies. Save the Children is urging the government to recruit, train and deploy more health workers in poorer areas. Kamar Jehan - seen here - is due to have her fifth baby. She lost her one-year-old daughter, Tarannum, to diarrhoea.