Vietnam profile

The Communist Party has a strong grip on the media. The Ministry of Culture and Information controls the press and broadcasting.

Media outlets and journalists risk sanctions for broaching sensitive topics and for criticising the government. But some press titles and online outlets do report on corruption in official circles.

Police and militia outside court where a blogger is on trial

The authorities maintain a tight grip on the media

TV is the dominant medium. State-run Vietnam Television (VTV) broadcasts from Hanoi. There is a growing pay TV industry, which includes the K+ satellite platform.

State-run Voice of Vietnam (VoV) has six radio networks, including VoV 5 with programmes in English, French and Russian.

There are hundreds of newspapers and magazines. The best-selling dailies are Tuoi Tre and Thanh Nien, which are run by youth organizations in Ho Chi Minh City.

There were nearly 31 million internet users by March 2012 (InternetWorldStats.com). Material deemed obscene is filtered, as are opposition sites. ISPs occasionally block access to Facebook.

Zing Me is a leading, domestically-owned gaming and social networking platform. Another social media site, Go.vn, is run by the state broadcaster.

Most social networking is non-political, with activists tending to favour blogging. There has been "massive" use of cyber attacks to silence dissent, and blogging "has become dangerous", says RSF. Nineteen internet users were behind bars as of January 2012, RSF reported.

The press

Newspaper vendor A newspaper vendor in Hanoi

Television

  • VTV - Vietnam Television

Radio

News agency/internet

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