Australia

Billionaire makes 'biggest philanthropic gift' by living Australian

Andrew Forrest, the Australian iron ore magnate and philanthropist Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Andrew Forrest, an Australian iron ore magnate and philanthropist

Australian mining magnate Andrew Forrest and his wife, Nicola, have announced they will give A$400m (£229m; $298m) to charity.

PM Malcolm Turnbull said the donation was "the biggest single philanthropic gift" in the nation's history, and the largest by a living Australian.

The money will fund causes including cancer research, university education and ending indigenous disadvantage.

The Fortescue Metals chairman has a history of philanthropy.

"I have been very fortunate, with my wife, Nicola, to be able to accumulate capital, and then as soon as we can to commence giving it away," said Mr Forrest, who is estimated by Forbes to have a net worth of almost A$5.8bn.

"We had a slightly unsustainable business model previously, where we would actually borrow money to give it away. Fortunately, we don't have to do that now, thanks to the strength of the iron ore sector."

Who is Andrew Forrest?

A 55-year-old entrepreneur, Mr Forrest graduated from the University of Western Australia with an economics degree in 1983.

Known by his schoolboy nickname "Twiggy", he started his first mining business in 1994 and founded iron ore company Fortescue nine years later.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption A Fortescue iron ore mining operation in the Pilbara region of Western Australia

Mr Forrest was once Australia's richest man, with his wealth peaking in 2008 during the nation's mining boom.

In 2013, he pledged at least 50% of his wealth to charity after joining the Giving Pledge campaign launched by US billionaires Bill Gates and Warren Buffett.

How will the donations be spent?

Mr Turnbull described the donation as an "extraordinary act", and said it would be spent in various ways:

  • A$75m would go to international cancer institutes;
  • A$75m to end modern slavery;
  • A$75m to university education and research;
  • A$75m to childhood education;
  • A$50m to "create equal opportunities for all Australians";
  • A$50m to "build stronger communities".

"It will change the lives of thousands of people here in Australia and around the world," Mr Turnbull said at a briefing in Canberra.

"All of us should seek to do as much as we can with what we have. So, this is real leadership and leading by example."

Others who have made large philanthropic offers include Indian tech billionaire Azim Premji, Irish-American businessman Chuck Feeney and Saudi Arabia's Prince Alwaleed bin Talal.