Italians mark end of Berlusconi era
13 November 2011 Last updated at 04:00 GMT
The departure from power of Silvio Berlusconi has been met with scenes of jubliation from some people in Italy.
Author Geoff Andrews, who has written extensively about Mr Berlusconi, described the celebratory mood on the streets of Rome.
He added that, when it comes to Italy's economy, there is much uncertainty ahead.