During the Bosnian war, most media became propaganda tools of the authorities, armies and factions. Since then, efforts have been made - with limited success - to develop media which bridge ethnic boundaries.
TV is the chief news source. The most influential broadcasters are the public radio and TV stations operated by the Bosniak-Croat and Serb entities.
The Office of the High Representative (OHR), the leading international civilian agency in Bosnia, oversaw the development of national public broadcasting. The OHR wanted to create a non-nationalist, civic media.
Media outlets and journalists are prone to pressure from state bodies and political parties in both the Bosniak-Croat and Serb entities.
There are more than 200 commercial radio and TV stations. They operate within a weak advertising market.
Sarajevo is home to Al-Jazeera Balkans TV, an offshoot of the Qatar-based pan-Arab news network. It broadcasts in Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian.
There were nearly 2.3 million internet users by June 2012 (Internetworldstats.com).
- Oslobodjenje - Sarajevo, daily
- Dnevni Avaz - Sarajevo, daily
- Nezavisne Novine - Banja Luka, daily
- Glas Srpske - Banja Luka, Bosnian Serb government daily
- Dnevni List - Mostar, daily
- Dani - Sarajevo, weekly
- Slobodna Bosna - Sarajevo, weekly
- Novi Reporter - Banja Luka, weekly
- Radio and TV of Bosnia and Hercegovina - state-wide public broadcaster, operates BHTV1
- Federation TV (FTV) - public TV service of Bosnian Muslim-Croat entity, operates two networks
- Serb Republic Radio-TV (RTRS) - operates public TV service of Bosnian Serb entity
- Mreza Plus - commercial, near-national coverage
- OBN - commercial, near-national coverage
- TV Pink BH - offshoot of Serbia-based commercial network
- Radio and TV of Bosnia and Hercegovina - state-wide public broadcaster, operates BH Radio 1
- Radio FBiH - public radio service of Bosniak-Croat entity
- Serb Republic Radio-TV (RTRS) - operates public radio service of Bosnian Serb entity
- Radio Herceg Bosna - Croat network, Mostar-based
- Bosanska Radio Mreza (BORAM) - private network
- BM Radio - private, Zenica-based
- Radio Stari Grad (RSG) - private, Sarajevo-based