Bosnia-Hercegovina profile

Bosnian newspapers Journalists in Bosnia work under pressure from the state and political parties

During the Bosnian war, most media became propaganda tools of the authorities, armies and factions. Since then, efforts have been made - with limited success - to develop media which bridge ethnic boundaries.

TV is the chief news source. The most influential broadcasters are the public radio and TV stations operated by the Bosniak-Croat and Serb entities.

The Office of the High Representative (OHR), the leading international civilian agency in Bosnia, oversaw the development of national public broadcasting. The OHR wanted to create a non-nationalist, civic media.

Media outlets and journalists are prone to pressure from state bodies and political parties in both the Bosniak-Croat and Serb entities.

There are more than 200 commercial radio and TV stations. They operate within a weak advertising market.

Sarajevo is home to Al-Jazeera Balkans TV, an offshoot of the Qatar-based pan-Arab news network. It broadcasts in Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian.

There were nearly 2.3 million internet users by June 2012 (Internetworldstats.com).

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