Estonia profile - Media
- 23 September 2013
- From the section Europe
Television is Estonia's most popular medium, while print media are losing ground to online outlets.
The broadcasting industry has attracted foreign media groups; the main privately-owned TVs are run by Swedish and Norwegian concerns.
Eesti Televisioon (ETV) and Eesti Raadio (ER) are public broadcasters. Take-up of cable and digital terrestrial TV is extensive; the offering includes stations in Finnish, Swedish, Russian and Latvian.
Estonia has a reputation for being at the cutting edge of technology. By 2012, 79% of Estonians were using the internet (ITU).
The country held the world's first parliamentary "e-vote" in 2007. In 2012, US-based Freedom House found that Estonia had the greatest degree of internet freedom among 47 countries surveyed.
The leading social networks are Facebook and the Russian site Vkontakte.
- Postimees - daily, Estonian and Russian-language editions
- Eesti Paevaleht - daily
- Ohtuleht - evening tabloid
- Maaleht - weekly
- Aripaev - business daily
- Eesti Raadio - public; four networks including flagship Vikerraadio
- Raadio Elmar - private, music
- Raadio Kuku - first private radio