Georgia profile - Leaders
- 24 December 2015
- From the section Europe
President: Giorgi Margvelashvili
Giorgi Margvelashvili took office in November 2013, bringing to an end the decade-long presidency of charismatic reformer Mikhail Saakashvili.
He cruised to victory with around 62% of the vote at an election the previous month.
Mr Margvelashvili, a former philosophy lecturer, assumed a weakened role because constitutional changes that come into force with his inauguration transferred a raft of key powers from the president to the prime minister.
He had little political experience and was seen as beholden to billionaire Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili, whose coalition drove Mr Saakashvili's party from power in the 2012 parliamentary elections.
Mr Ivanishvili stepped down as prime minister after Margvelashvili's inauguration, saying his goal - ousting Mr Saakashvili - was now done. He denied accusations he would continue to run the show from the sidelines.
Mr Saakashvili's tumultuous decade in power saw him transform the tiny Caucasus nation, while getting sucked into a disastrous five-day war with Russia over the breakaway republic of South Ossetia in 2008.
Mr Saakashvili came to power after the 2003 Rose Revolution and rammed through reforms to combat corruption, renovate infrastructure and kick-start a sickly economy.
Several figures close to Saakashvili, including a former prime minister, have been arrested and charged with a variety of crimes. The former president himself has taken Ukrainian citizenship and now serves as governor of that country's Odessa Region.
Critics - including EU politicians - say this is a targeted campaign against allies of the former president. Defenders say it is a justified reckoning with the misdemeanours of the former government.
Prime Minister (resigned): Irakli Garibashvili
Like President Margvelashvili, Irakli Garibashvili is a protege of Bidzina Ivanishvili.
He took over as prime minister when Mr Ivanishvili resigned following the inauguration of Mr Margvelashvili.
He inherited a post strengthened in relation to the presidency under reforms introduced by President Saakashvili, but the relationship between Mr Garibashvili and President Margvelashvili was uneasy. The prime minister failed to attend the president's state of the nation addresses in both 2014 and 2015, and President Margvelashvili has accused the prime minister of undermining state institutions through "parallel" structures.Mr Garibashvili abruptly resigned in December 2015, following a steady fall in opinion poll ratings for the Georgian Dream government ahead of elections in 2016.