President: Nicolae Timofti
Nicolae Timofti was elected president in a parliamentary vote in March 2012.
His appointment finally brought to an end the years of political stalemate that followed the resignation of Moldova's previous full-time president, the Communist Vladimir Voronin, in September 2009.
The opposition Communists boycotted the vote in which he was chosen.
Mr Timofti is an independent who before he became president had never been involved in politics. He had 36 years of experience as a judge, culminating in his appointment as chairman of Moldova's Supreme Magistrates Council.
In an address to parliament before his election, he strongly supported the aspirations of Prime Minister Vlad Filat's government for European integration but also promised to be an apolitical president.
During the international crisis sparked in March 2014 by Russian moves to annex the Ukrainian region of Crimea and suggestions on the part of Moldova's breakaway Trans-Dniestr region that it too could be absorbed into Russia, Mr Timofti called on the EU to speed up his country's path towards membership.
Prime minister: Iurie Leanca
Iurie Leanca was appointed acting prime minister in April 2013 after parliament passed a motion of no confidence in the government.
He was subsequently approved as prime minister by parliament in May 2013.
Before being appointed to government, Mr Leanca spent his working life in various posts in the foreign ministry.