President: Nicolae Timofti
Nicolae Timofti was elected president in a parliamentary vote in March 2012.
His appointment finally brought to an end the years of political stalemate that followed the resignation of Moldova's previous full-time president, the Communist Vladimir Voronin, in September 2009. The opposition Communists boycotted the vote to choose him.
Mr Timofti is an independent who before he became president had never been involved in politics. He had 36 years of experience as a judge, culminating in his appointment as chairman of Moldova's Supreme Magistrates Council.
In an address to parliament before his election, he strongly supported the aspirations of Prime Minister Vlad Filat's government for European integration.
Prime minister: Iurie Leanca
Iurie Leanca took over as head of Moldova's pro-European coalition in spring 2013 after a series of corruption scandals prompted a vote of no confidence in the government.
The four-year-old government collapsed amid acrimony after Mr Leanca's predecessor and party colleague, Vlad Filat quit the three-party coalition.
Mr Filat had accused an influential coalition politician of helping to cover up the mystery death of a businessman during a hunting trip, and of trying to blackmail him with criminal cases against his allies.
But, faced with snap elections and a likely win for the pro-Russian opposition, the coalition succeeded in reforming under the leadership of Mr Leanca - previously foreign minister and Mr Filat's deputy.
In 2014, Mr Leanca signed an association agreement with the EU, in line with promises of greater EU integration made by the government after it ousted the Communists in a 2009 re-run of a disputed election.
Mr Leanca ignored demands by Moscow that the implementation of the EU agreement be delayed, despite powerful economic pressure from Russia, including bans on a range of crucial agricultural exports.
Pro-EU parties narrowly retained their majority in a November 2014 election, although the strongly pro-Moscow Socialists became the largest party in a surprise breakthrough.
Before being appointed to government, Mr Leanca spent his working life in various posts in the foreign ministry.