Europe

Albania profile - Media

  • 20 March 2015
  • From the section Europe
Satellite dishes in Albania Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Private broadcasters have mushroomed

TV is by far the most popular medium, but the internet is beginning to close the gap. The press and radio are smaller fry.

As well as TV networks run by public RTSH, there are two national privately-owned TVs, Top Channel and TV Klan, and scores of local stations. Two companies offer digital terrestrial (DTT) and satellite packages.

As well as national radios run by RTSH there are two national commercial networks and more than 60 local and regional stations. The BBC broadcasts on 103.9 FM in Tirana.

Despite shrinking readership figures, the number of newspapers is still high, with some 25 dailies.

The media are generally free. Broadcasters are regulated by an independent body and the press self-regulates. The biggest threat to freedom is from self-censorship, sometimes arising from media owners' business and political interests.

Some 1.8 million Albanians were online by 2014 (InternetLiveStats.com). The state does not restrict web access.

Facebook, Google, YouTube and Yahoo are the most popular websites, followed by local news portals and the websites of major media outlets.

The press

Image copyright Shekulli
Image caption Several Albanian papers are available online

Television

Radio

News agency/internet