Poland profile - Media
- 14 January 2016
- From the section Europe
Poland's broadcasting market is the largest in Eastern and Central Europe and has attracted foreign investment. There is freedom and diversity of information, although laws against deriding the nation and its political system are still in force. Public TVP has the largest share of the TV audience for its two national channels. It operates regional services and satellite network TV Polonia.Polsat and TVN operate the leading commercial TVs. Polsat has a digital pay-TV platform and is present in the Baltic states. Digital pay-TV platform Cyfra+ was launched by France's Canal+. Digital terrestrial TV is available throughout Poland.
Public Polish Radio reaches just over half of the population. There are more than 200 radio stations in all.The newly-elected conservative Law and Justice government introduced measures at the end of 2015 to allow ministers to appoint the heads of TVP and Polish Radio, prompting an unprecedented European Commission inquiry into any potential threat to freedom of expression.
There are more than 300 newspapers, most of them local or regional. However, fewer than 30% of Poles read any kind of newspaper. The press is almost completely privatised and foreign ownership is high. The biggest-selling daily is the Fakt tabloid.
There were 25 million internet users in Poland by June 2012 (Internetworldstats.com). More than 50% of Poles use social media. Facebook, YouTube and nk.pl are leading platforms.
- Gazeta Wyborcza - mass-circulation daily
- Rzeczpospolita - influential daily
- Fakt - mass-circulation tabloid daily
- Super Express - mass-circulation tabloid daily
- Dziennik Gazeta Prawna - economic daily
- Uwazam Rze - weekly, associated with Rzeczpospolita
- Gazeta Polska - weekly
- Polityka - weekly
- Wprost - weekly
- Newsweek Polska - weekly
- The Warsaw Voice - English-language weekly
- Warsaw Business Journal - English-language weekly
- New Poland Express - English-language weekly
- Telewizja Polska (TVP) - public, operates two national networks, regional services and international satellite channel TV Polonia
- TVN - commercial, also operates news channel TVN 24
- Polsat - commercial channel and pay-TV operator
- Cyfra+ - pay-TV operator
- Polish Radio - public, operates five national networks and many regional stations
- TheNews.pl - Polish Radio's news site, in English
- RMF FM - commercial
- Radio Zet - commercial
- Radio Maryja - controversial Catholic station, run by Redemptorist Order