President: Borut Pahor
The prime minister of a centre-left government between 2008-12, Borut Pahor was elected president in December 2012, beating incumbent Danilo Turk by a thumping margin of 34% of the vote.
However, the low turnout - only one in three eligible voters made it to the polls - was seen as a sign of widespread disenchantment with Slovenia's political class.
The election took place against a background of popular discontent at the centre-right government's austerity measures, with many Slovenes taking to the streets to call for the resignation of the political elite.
Mr Pahor's conciliatory style and calm demeanour was seen to have gone down better than the abrasive approach of Mr Turk, and he appears to be untouched by the corruption allegations that have dogged other senior Slovene politicians.
He said on being elected that Slovenia needs "trust, respect and tolerance".
The role of president is largely ceremonial, but carries authority in defence and foreign affairs.
Born in 1963, Mr Pahor belonged to the reform wing of the Yugoslav Communist League in Slovenia in the 1980s, before going on to become the leader of the Social Democrats after Slovene independence.
He became prime minister after his party's narrow victory at the September 2008 parliamentary elections. The Social Democrats replaced a centre-right coalition under Janez Jansa.
His government lost a vote of confidence in September 2011 after a referendum rejected major pension reforms.
Outgoing prime minister: Alenka Bratusek
Alenka Bratusek resigned as prime minister in May 2014 after losing the leadership of her party, paving the way for early elections.
She took over as prime minister when the year-old centre-right coalition government of her predecessor collapsed in disputes over austerity measures and corruption allegations in February-March 2013.
She only entered parliament in 2011 after a career in the finance ministry, and took over leadership of the social liberal Positive Slovenia party on an acting basis in January 2013 after leader Zoran Jankovic stepped down - also over corruption allegations.
Ms Bratusek criticised the austerity policy of her predecessor, saying her priority would be "growth and jobs".
On taking office, she dismissed speculation that Slovenia, which was struggling with a banking crisis, might be the next eurozone country after Cyprus to need a bailout.
- The Miro Cerar Party, founded in June by a renowned law professor of the same name, won the snap general election held in July 2014. A new government has not yet been named but Mr Cerrar, who has pledged to end the country's current poliltical turmoil, is likely to lead it.