Switzerland profile

The Matterhorn peak The Matterhorn has provided mountaineers with a major challenge
  • Full name: Swiss Confederation
  • Population: 7.7 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Bern
  • Largest city: Zurich
  • Area: 41,284 sq km (15,940 sq miles)
  • Major languages: German, French, Italian, Romansch
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 80 years (men), 85 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Swiss Franc = 100 Rappen
  • Main exports: Machinery and electronics, chemicals, precision instruments, watches
  • GNI per capita: US $76,350 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .ch
  • International dialling code: +41

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