Europe

Turkey profile - Facts

  • 23 May 2013
  • From the section Europe
Image caption Islam is the main religion
  • Full name: Republic of Turkey
  • Population: 74.5 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Ankara
  • Largest city: Istanbul (by population)
  • Area: 779,452 sq km (300,948 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: Turkish lira
  • Main exports: Clothing and textiles, fruit and vegetables, iron and steel, motor vehicles and machinery, fuels and oils
  • GNI per capita: US $10,410 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .tr
  • International dialling code: +90