Queen: Margrethe II of Denmark
Prime minister: Aleqa Hammond
The leader of the social-democratic Siumut Party, Aleqa Hammond became Greenland's first woman prime minister in April 2013.
Siumut beat the more left-wing pro-independence Inuit Ataqatigiit party of outgoing prime minister Kuupik Kleist in the general election that month.
Born in 1965, Ms Hammond worked in tourism before being elected to parliament in 2005. She served as families and justice minister then finance and foreign minister briefly, resigning in protest at the size of the budget deficit.
When Siumut lost the 2009 general election, she took over the leadership from former prime minister Hans Enoksen.
Ms Hammond campaigned on a platform of lifting the Danish-imposed ban on uranium extraction, which had restricted the development of Greenland's rare-earth mining industry. Parliament voted to lift the ban in October 2013.