Karadzic trial: List of charges

Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is on trial at the UN court at International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at The Hague, facing charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity during the war in the 1990s.

The full list of charges against him is below:

Genocide

• He planned in concert with others and/or aided and abetted genocide against a part of the Bosnian Muslim and/or Bosnian Croat national, ethnical, and/or religious groups.

• He participated in a joint criminal enterprise to permanently remove Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats from the territories of Bosnia-Hercegovina claimed as Bosnian Serb territory.

• He participated in a joint criminal exercise to eliminate the Bosnian Muslims in the city of Srebrenica by killing over 7,000 men and boys of Srebrenica and forcibly removing the women, young children and some elderly men from the city.

Crimes against humanity

• He planned in concert with others and/or aided and abetted persecutions on political and/or religious grounds against Bosnian Muslims and/or Bosnian Croats in a range of municipalities, including Banja Luka, Bratunac, Novi Grad, Pale and Zvornik, as well as persecutions of the Bosnian Muslims of Srebrenica (the municipalities)

• He is responsible for the acts of extermination and murder aimed at permanently removing Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats from Bosnian-Serb claimed territory. These acts were carried out between March 1992 and 30 November 1995 by members of the Serb forces and Bosnian Serb political organs, including killings after takeovers in the municipalities and in detention facilities.

Violations of the laws or customs of war

• Between April 1992 and November 1995, Mr Karadzic, in concert with others, established and implemented a military strategy that used sniping and shelling to kill, maim, wound and terrorise the civilian inhabitants of Sarajevo. The sniping and shelling killed and wounded thousands of civilians of both sexes and all ages, including children and the elderly.

• In 1995, Bosnian Serb forces detained over 200 UN peacekeepers and military observers and held them at various locations in Republika Srpska. Threats were issued to Nato and UN commanders among others that further Nato attacks on Bosnian Serb military targets would result in the injury, death or continued detention of the detainees. Some of the detainees were assaulted or otherwise maltreated during their captivity.

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