Putin and Russia's media landscape: What you need to know
4 December 2012 Last updated at 00:02 GMT
As the anniversary of last year's protests in Moscow over the disputed parliamentary elections nears, what do you need to know about Vladimir Putin - who won a third term as Russia's president in March - and his relationship with the media?
Some argue that the Kremlin has broadcast a series of reports on state-controlled TV that deliberately branded the opposition as enemies of the Russian state.
They also point to government attempts to introduce restrictive legislature on the media - and specifically the internet - which they say is designed to crack down on liberal journalists and opposition activists' websites.
BBC Monitoring's Stephen Ennis explains how Putin's re-election has changed Russia's media landscape.