Dagestan profile - Leaders
President: Ramazan Abdulatipov
Russian President Vladimir Putin appointed Ramazan Abdulatipov acting president of Dagestan in January 2013 after dismissing Magomedsalam Magomedov.
In September that year, Mr Abdulatipov was formally elected to the office by the republic's parliament.
Mr Magomedov's sacking came amid concern over mounting Islamist violence, corruption and political rivalry in the restive republic.
An ethnic Avar from the remote mountain district of Tlyarata, Ramazan Abdulatipov is a veteran of Russian and Dagestani politics.
Born in 1946, he served as chairman of Russia's upper house of parliament - the Council of Nationalities - in 1990-93, and opposed the body's forceful dispersal by the then Russian President, Boris Yeltsin.
In 2011-13, he was a deputy for the ruling United Russia party in the lower house of the Russian parliament, the State Duma.