President: Magomedsalam Magomedov
Magomedsalam Magomedov was nominated for the leadership of the republic by Russian President Dmitriy Medvedev on 8 February 2010. His appointment was approved two days later by Dagestan's parliament.
He succeeded Mukhu Aliyev, who was the Kremlin's choice for president in February 2006.
Mr Aliyev's predecessor was Mr Magomedov's father, Magomedali Magomedov, who led Dagestan from 1987 to 2006.
Born in 1964, Magomedsalam Magomedov worked as a teacher before going into business and politics. He was chairman of the Dagestani parliament from 2006 to 2007.
An ethnic Dargin, Mr Magomedov was a persistent critic of Mr Aliyev's administration, and his nomination - which came hard on the heels of Mr Medvedev's appointment of a new special envoy to the North Caucasus - suggests that the Russian leadership is keen to see changes in the republic.
Mr Aliyev had been tasked with tackling rampant corruption and curbing the high levels of political violence in Dagestan, but made little headway in either of these areas.