Europe

Scotland profile - Facts

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption North Sea oil is an important, if gradually diminishing, economic factor
  • Status: Semi-autonomous part of the United Kingdom
  • Population: 5.3 million (2011 census)
  • Capital: Edinburgh
  • Area: 78,772 kmĀ² (30,414 sq miles)
  • Languages: English, Scots, Gaelic
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
  • Main exports: Food/drink, chemicals/petroleum products