Northern Ireland profile

Image caption The peace process has seen investment flow into Belfast, long an industrial city in decline
  • Status: Semi-autonomous part of the United Kingdom. Nationalists favour union with the Irish Republic
  • Population: 1.7 million (2001 census)
  • Capital: Belfast
  • Area: 13,576 sq km (5,242 sq miles)
  • Major language: English
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
  • Main exports: Textiles, machinery