West Germany 'sponsored doping in sports' - study
German officials have demanded publication of a partially leaked study which alleges that West Germany engaged in systematic doping of athletes.
The full scale of sports doping in communist East Germany was revealed after German reunification in 1990.
But now there are concerns that West German officials may have encouraged similar cheating in sports.
Parts of a study of West German doping, by Berlin's Humboldt University, were leaked by German media at the weekend.
According to the Sueddeutsche Zeitung newspaper, the study says West German state officials sponsored research into performance-enhancing drugs including anabolic steroids, testosterone, oestrogen and EPO (used in blood doping).
That communist East Germany encouraged athletes to use drugs to cheat at sport and ensure international success has been known for decades.
But now, this leaked report indicates that as part of the Cold War rivalry for prestige, government officials in capitalist West Germany may have been involved in similar types of cheating.
"Our athletes should have the same conditions and services as the Eastern bloc athletes," says an unidentified West German interior minister, according to the report - which allegedly meant officially promoting the use of anabolic steroids, hormones, banned stimulants such as ephedrine and a methamphetamine, commonly known as speed.
The study claims that the drugs were used for decades and financed from state funds.
Since the collapse of the East German state, reports of doping have discredited many of what at the time seemed like impressive sporting achievements - ruining careers and casting doubt on the records of even those athletes who did not use drugs. Could the same now happen to West Germany's sporting legacy?
The programme reportedly became systematic in the early 1970s.
The study, commissioned by the Federal Institute for Sport Science (BISp), was supposed to have been published last year, but that was delayed amid concerns about privacy and legal issues.
The BISp was set up in 1970 under the authority of the interior ministry.'Worst fears'
Speaking on ZDF television news, Michael Vesper of the German Olympic Sports Union said "there were apparently research projects by medics, promoted by the BISp with tax funding", but "you can't compare it with doping to order, that is, top-down, by the state".
"We want this report to be handed to us as soon as possible, so that we can assess it," he added.
Some drugs tests were reportedly carried out on minors.
Martin Gerster, sports spokesman for the opposition Social Democrats (SPD), said "what is coming out bit by bit is worse than the worst fears we had - we want the whole truth to come out as soon as possible".
The leaks include a claim that three West German footballers in the 1966 World Cup final squad were found to have traces of ephedrine, a banned stimulant.