Profile: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

Behind the scenes of the OPCW chemical testing lab

Related Stories

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an independent international body set up in 1997 to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention.

The organisation is currently involved in destroying Syria's stockpiles of chemical weapons - the first time the OPCW has worked in a war zone.

The OPCW has been awarded the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to stop chemical warfare.

It carries out inspections of destruction procedures, as well as evaluating members' own declarations, in order to verify that the convention is being adhered to.

It is based in The Hague and has 189 member states, covering around 98% of the world's population, it says. These member nations have agreed to work together to create a world free from chemical weapons.


The OPCW employs around 500 people and in 2010 had a budget of 75m euros ($102m, £63m).

It is an autonomous organisation with a working relationship with the United Nations.

In early October, the head of the organisation, Ahmet Uzumcu, called for a ceasefire in Syria to enable it to destroy the country's stockpiles. He said the deadline for the destruction, under the terms of a UN resolution, was "very tight".

An inspections team came under sniper fire in Syria on 26 August, but there have been no reported attacks on inspectors since.

An image grab taken from Syrian television shows inspectors from the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) at work at an undisclosed location in Syria on October 10, 2013 Syria TV showed OPCW inspectors working at an undisclosed location in Syria

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) was adopted by the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva in September 1992.

Under its terms the OPCW stringently verifies whether member nations are complying with the CWC.

The CWC aims to totally eliminate chemical weapons as a class, and part of the OPCW's mission is to prevent the re-emergence of chemical weapons in a country which has signed up.

Egypt, Angola, North Korea and South Sudan are not members of the OPCW.

OPCW Director-General Ahmet Uzumcu briefs journalists on the progression in the disarmament of Syria's chemical arsenal and facilities on October 9, 2013 The OPCW's head, Ahmet Uzumcu, described the deadline in Syria as "very tight"

Israel and Burma, also known as Mynamar have signed but not ratified the CWC so are also non-members.

Somalia joined in June 2013 and Syria is due to officially become a member shortly.

The US and Russia are committed to destroying their arsenals of chemical weapons under the terms of the CWC, but missed a 2012 deadline to complete this process.

They were criticised by the Norwegian Nobel committee in their announcement on Friday for missing the deadline.

The OPCW says Albania, India and a third country - widely believed to be South Korea - have completed the destruction of their declared chemical weapons.

In Libya and Iraq, as well as Syria, Russia and the US, the destruction is ongoing.

Graphic. Background image shows stockpiles of chemical weapons in the US (2001)

More on This Story

Related Stories

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites

More Europe stories


Features & Analysis

Elsewhere on the BBC


  • Kinetic sculpture violinClick Watch

    The "kinetic sculpture" that can replicate digital files and play them on a violin

Try our new site and tell us what you think. Learn more
Take me there

Copyright © 2015 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.