Ukraine crisis: John Kerry rejects Vladimir Putin talks

 

Viktor Yanukovych: "I will be back in Kiev"

The US secretary of state has rejected an offer of talks with President Vladimir Putin until Russia engages with US proposals on Ukraine's crisis.

John Kerry told his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov that Moscow's military intervention in Crimea had made any negotiations extremely difficult.

US officials say there will be little to discuss if the referendum on whether Crimea should join Russia goes ahead.

Ukraine and the West say the vote, due to be held on Sunday, is illegal.

In other developments on Tuesday:

Start Quote

The next few days are going to be critical for any diplomatic solution to the Ukraine crisis, or at least one that comes any time soon. But it is not looking too hopeful.”

End Quote
  • At a news conference in Russia, ousted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych describes the new Ukrainian authorities as a "gang of fascists" and says presidential elections set for 25 May are "illegal"
  • Ukrainian PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk tells MPs in Kiev that Crimea's authorities are an "organised gang" backed by Russia, and urges Moscow to settle the crisis diplomatically
  • The parliament in Kiev asks the US and UK - as guarantors of the security pledges given to Ukraine in 1994 - to use all measures, including military, to stop Russia's "aggression"
  • Crimea's lawmakers adopt an "independence declaration". The document says the region will ask to join Russia if this is approved at the referendum
  • A number of flights from Crimea's main airport in Simferopol have been cancelled, amid reports that pro-Moscow militia have taken over air traffic control
  • Officials from several countries are meeting in London to discuss sanctions against Russian officials

The BBC's James Reynolds takes a look at what it is like for pro-Ukraine protesters in Simferopol

Direct dialogue plea

Russia said on Monday it was drafting counter-proposals to a US plan for a negotiated solution to the crisis.

Russian President Vladimir Putin (left) meets Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Sochi on 10 March 2014 Vladimir Putin was told by Sergei Lavrov that US proposals for a negotiated solution were "not suitable"
A member of a pro Russian self-defence unit (right) stands close to Russian Army soldiers outside the Ukrainian army base in Perevalnoe, Crimea Pro-Russian forces are blockading Ukrainian troops across Crimea
Men are searched by pro-Russian servicemen at Chongar checkpoint blocking the entrance from Ukraine to Crimea Russia denies its troops are taking part in the blockades, describing the armed men as "self-defence" forces
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (right) and US Secretary of State John Kerry (March 2014) Relations between Mr Kerry (left) and Mr Lavrov have been increasingly strained by the Ukraine crisis

Moscow has condemned Ukraine's new Western-backed government as an unacceptable "fait accompli" - it says that Russian-leaning parts of the country have been turned into havens of lawlessness.

Meanwhile Russian forces have strengthened their control over Crimea.

Pro-Russian troops are blockading Ukrainian troops across Crimea, which is an autonomous region.

Mark Lowen went to meet one family fleeing the lawlessness of Crimea

Moscow has officially denied that its troops are taking part in the blockades, describing the armed men with no insignia as Crimea's "self-defence" forces.

Fact box: Awacs

File photo of an Awacs plane
  • Airborne warning and control systems, or Awacs, are one of Nato's most sophisticated command and control aircraft
  • Plane is a modified Boeing 707/320B airliner
  • Contains a radar system that can detect, identify and track enemy aircraft, and direct fighters to meet them, from the ground up into the stratosphere
  • Flight crew of four plus mission crew of 13-19
  • Also used by the US, Britain and France

The government in Kiev - as well as the US and EU - accuse Russia of invading Ukraine, in violation of international law.

In a televised briefing with President Putin on Monday, Mr Lavrov said proposals made by Mr Kerry for a negotiated solution to the crisis were "not suitable" because they took "the situation created by the coup as a starting point", referring to the overthrow of Ukraine's pro-Russian President, Viktor Yanukovych.

Washington says that there has been no official response yet to a set of questions Mr Kerry gave Mr Lavrov at the weekend, asking in particular whether Moscow is prepared to meet officials from the new Ukrainian government.

"The United States needs to see concrete evidence that Russia is prepared to engage on the diplomatic proposals we have made to facilitate direct dialogue between Ukraine and Russia and to use international mechanisms like a contact group to deescalate the conflict," State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said in a recent written statement.

"Kerry made clear to Foreign Minister Lavrov that he would welcome further discussions focused on how to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine if and when we see concrete evidence that Russia is prepared to engage on these proposals," she added.

Analysis

Dozens of journalists travelled to the Russian city of Rostov-on-Don, near the Ukrainian border, to find the answers to two questions: Was Viktor Yanukovych still alive, both in fact and as a politician?

Mr Yanukovych was supposed to hold a news conference. But when all the journalists were let into the conference hall, the organisers said that no questions should be asked. There would only be a statement.

Many of my colleagues were very disappointed. They even tried to shout their questions out when Mr Yanukovych was leaving.

The ousted Ukrainian president looked confident at first. But when he was quoting the words of the Ukrainian anthem his voice suddenly wavered. And so did his confidence, it seems.

Surprisingly, the man who used to rule Ukraine did not find the words to talk about the possible breakaway of one of his country's regions, Crimea.

She said "it was conceivable" that Mr Kerry might meet Mr Lavrov prior to the planned Crimean referendum but that the secretary of state first wanted to ensure that Moscow would engage seriously on US diplomatic proposals.

Staff threatened

Meanwhile, Nato on Monday announced that it is to deploy Awacs reconnaissance planes in Poland and Romania to monitor the Ukrainian crisis.

Nato said the surveillance flights would "enhance the alliance's situational awareness".

Last week, the military alliance said it was reviewing all co-operation with Russia and stepping up its engagement with the government in Kiev.

Step-by-step, and meeting very little resistance, pro-Russian troops are dismantling Ukraine's ability to resist in Crimea, says the BBC's Christian Fraser, who is in the region.

President Putin has defended Crimea's decision to stage the referendum. "The steps taken by Crimea's legitimate authorities are based on international law," he said.

However, German Chancellor Angela Merkel told him in a phone call that she considered the vote illegal.

Both EU leaders and the US have warned Moscow they would impose sanctions if Russian troops remained in Crimea.

Unrest in Ukraine erupted in November after former President Viktor Yanukovych's last-minute rejection of a landmark EU deal in favour of a bailout from Russia.

Mr Yanukovych was ousted last month, and a new government has been voted in by the Ukrainian parliament which Russia says was a "coup".

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  • rate this
    +17

    Comment number 998.

    This is a very serious business. They should all be talking to each other instead of posturing and behaving like spoilt children over toys. Many countries and thousands of lives could be at stake here, perhaps more rapidly than we think or expect?

  • rate this
    +9

    Comment number 975.

    It seems that the EU wants Ukraine for itself for whatever reason(probably just to expand the EU),the Russians want it particularly as Crimea has a warm water port and US/Cameron are just anti Russia and will do whatever they can to spoil any deal made not in their interests.
    What is important is what the people want and a referendum will resolve this.

  • rate this
    +11

    Comment number 898.

    Worst thing about the conflict - nobody cares about the voices of people who actually live in Ukraine.The country is plagued by ineffective,corrupt goverments only to change one another like in a bad movie.After all is said and done its the population of Ukraine to pay for all the social experiments,revolutions and tug-of-wars between Russia and the West.Lets pray it is resolved peacefuly.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 594.

    I would like to see Russia pull out of Crimea and an election held in 12 months time. Why should we allow our mistakes in Iraq completely disregard proper democracy? I was against the Iraq invasion as it was undemocratic and I'm opposed to Russia for the same reason. Trouble is no one is serious about democracy anymore. Blame and moral games seem to fair much higher. How sad.

  • rate this
    +17

    Comment number 558.

    Its such a pathetic situation and has really highlighted the cynical, greedy and narrowminded nature of world politics.
    No one is interested in the autonomy of Ukraine and its which is exactly what the focus should be in this situtation. Instead its about pulling it one way or another so that everyone else can get something out of it. An unstable country is like an untapped oil well these days.

 

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