Russia's President Putin moves towards annexing Crimea

Ukraine puts on a "show" to illustrate its military readiness, as Chris Morris reports

Russian President Vladimir Putin has informed parliament formally of Crimea's request to join the country, the first legislative step towards absorbing the peninsula.

Mr Putin, who officially recognised Crimean independence on Monday, also approved a draft bill on the accession.

Crimean officials say 97% of voters backed splitting from Ukraine in Sunday's controversial referendum.

The EU and US have declared the vote illegal and imposed sanctions.

Travel bans and asset freezes have been imposed on government officials and other figures in Russia, Crimea and Ukraine.

France's Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said Paris had cancelled planned ministerial defence and foreign relations talks due to take place in Moscow on Tuesday, saying they would have been "ill-timed".

Ukraine's foreign ministry, meanwhile, has issued a "decisive and categorical protest" against Russia's actions, saying they fell short of Russia's international commitments.

Ukrainian interim Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk speaks at the UN (13 March 2014) PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk offered broad new powers to Ukraine's mostly Russian-speaking regions as a loyalty incentive

Crisis timeline

  • 21 Nov 2013: President Viktor Yanukovych abandons an EU deal
  • Dec: Pro-EU protesters occupy Kiev city hall and Independence Square
  • 20-21 Feb 2014: At least 88 people killed in Kiev clashes
  • 22 Feb: Mr Yanukovych flees; parliament removes him and calls election
  • 27-28 Feb: Pro-Russian gunmen seize key buildings in Crimea
  • 6 Mar: Crimea's parliament votes to join Russia
  • 16 Mar: Crimea voters choose to secede in disputed referendum
  • 17 Mar: Crimean parliament declares independence and formally applies to join Russia

In a bid to encourage loyalty among Ukraine's other mainly Russian-speaking regions in the east and west, Ukraine's interim Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk said on Tuesday that Kiev was prepared to grant them "the broadest range of powers".

In a pre-recorded address on Ukraine's 5 Kanal TV - delivered in Russian - Mr Yatsenyuk said the reforms would give cities the right to run their own police forces and make decisions about education and culture.

The peninsula was taken over by pro-Russian forces in late February after Ukraine's pro-Moscow President Viktor Yanukovych fled to Russia following months of protests, though Russia has always insisted the troops are not under its direct control.

Kiev is also concerned about a build-up of Russian troops on its eastern borders, and has authorised the partial mobilisation of 40,000 troops.

Ratification

Mr Putin is addressing a special session of Russia's two houses of parliament at St George's Hall at the Kremlin. A delegation of Crimea's new leaders is also there.

Vladimir Putin told Moscow's parliament Crimea was and is an "inseparable part of Russia"

Russian news website Gazeta.ru, quoting sources, says that after the speech, President Putin and the speaker of the Crimean parliament, Vladimir Konstantinov, are expected to sign an agreement on Crimea's "entry into the Russian Federation".

Having approved the draft bill, Mr Putin has told MPs "to consider it practical to sign the agreement at the highest level," Russia's Interfax news agency reports.

Once signed, the bill must be approved by the constitutional court and then ratified by parliament.

The process is likely to be completed this week, after which Crimea is expected to be considered a new part of the Russian Federation, with the status of a republic.

In a sign of the wider impact of the Crimean referendum, parliament in the breakaway Moldovan region of Trans-Dniester announced on Tuesday that it too had appealed to Moscow for the right to join Russia, reports said

Moldovan President Nicolae Timofti said any Russian moves to accept Trans-Dniester "would be a step in the wrong direction".

Sanctions

Crimea was transferred from Russia to Ukraine while under Soviet rule in 1954 and much of its population is ethnic Russian.

Ukrainian serviceman guards  checkpoint near village of Strelkovo in Kherson region close to Crimea Ukrainian troops are guarding checkpoints near Crimea
Security forces in Simferopol, Crimea Pro-Russian forces in the Crimean capital Simferopol are stepping up security

The results of Sunday's referendum were celebrated by many Crimeans, but the vote was widely criticised by Western leaders and at the UN.

Selection of officials targeted

  • Dmitry Rogozin - Russian deputy PM (US)
  • Valentina Matviyenko - head of Russia's upper house (US)
  • Sergei Aksyonov - acting PM of Crimea (US and EU)
  • Vladimir Konstantinov - speaker of Crimean parliament (US and EU)
  • Viktor Yanukovych - former Ukrainian president (US)
  • Andrei Klishas - member of Russia's upper house (US and EU)
  • Leonid Slutsky - head of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) parliamentary committee in Russia (US and EU)
  • Sergei Zheleznyak - deputy speaker of Russia's state Duma (EU)
  • Alexsandr Vitko - commander of Black Sea Fleet (EU)

US executive order on sanctions

Full list of EU sanctions

Voters had been asked to choose between joining Russia or having greater autonomy within Ukraine. There was no option for those who wanted the constitutional arrangements to remain unchanged.

Many among Crimea's ethnic Ukrainians and Tatars - together making up about a third of the population - had said they would boycott the vote.

The Tatars were driven from Crimea under the Soviet Union, only being able to return after the collapse of the USSR. They have expressed fears of persecution under Russia.

On Monday, the EU and US published separate lists of sanctions in response to Moscow's intervention. Both included Crimea's acting leader, Sergei Aksyonov, and speaker Mr Konstantinov.

But the BBC's Richard Galpin in Moscow says the sanctions have largely been dismissed in Russia, including by those they targeted.

Yuri Ushakov, Mr Putin's senior foreign policy adviser, told Russian media the measures "provoke only feelings of irony and sarcasm".

Despite the condemnation, Mr Putin seems intent on pushing ahead very quickly with the annexation of Crimea, our correspondent adds.

Crimea map showing key locations and airbases

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