Queen meets Pope Francis at the Vatican

Prince Philip, the Queen and the Pope in a room known as the "Pope's study" The Queen presented the Pope with a hamper of British products, including whisky

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The Queen has met Pope Francis for the first time, during a one-day visit to the Italian capital, Rome.

The meeting in the Vatican was described as a private one and pomp and protocol were kept to a minimum.

Earlier, the Queen and Prince Philip had lunch with the Italian President, Giorgio Napolitano, and his wife Clio at the Quirinal Palace.

The Queen gave the Pontiff a hamper of British produce and received a lapis lazuli orb for baby Prince George.

It is the Queen's first foreign trip since a visit to Australia in 2011.

The Queen shakes hands with the Italian President Giorgio Napolitano at the Quirinal Palace The royal couple had lunch with the Italian president and his wife in the Sala Torrino in the tower of the Quirinal Palace

Arriving at the Vatican, the Queen shook hands with the Pope and said "Sorry to keep you waiting, we were having lunch with the president."

Exchange of girfts

Pope Francis, who does not speak English and has never been to Britain, seemed amused if slightly baffled, by the Queen's gift.

He received a food hamper of produce from the Royal estates in England and Scotland which included honey from Buckingham Palace gardens, whisky from Balmoral and jams and chutney from Sandringham.

The Pope is expected to share the hamper among the residents of the guest house where he lives with other Vatican clerics.

President Obama brought Pope Francis a chest of seeds from the White House garden when he visited him last week.

Pope Francis's gift to the British Royal Family was more in keeping with traditional papal gifts - a small orb made of lapis lazuli with St Edward's cross on top.

"It is for the Queen's eight-month old great-grandson Prince George," Pope Francis explained.

"He will be thrilled with it,' the Queen told the Pope, adding after a pause - "When he is a little older."

The Queen and Prince Philip later had tea with the Pope in a suite of rooms in the Pope Paul VI Audience Hall, close to the Casa Santa Marta, the guest house in the Vatican where the Pope has chosen to live.

It is her third visit to the Vatican during her reign but the first time she has met Pope Francis, who was installed just over a year ago.

In a break with Vatican convention, the Queen did not wear black, or a veil, but instead wore a lilac-coloured spring coat and matching hat.

The Queen and the Pope exchanged gifts inside the Vatican. Pope Francis gave the Queen a royal orb made of lapis lazuli with a silver cross on top, for her baby great-grandson Prince George.

The orb is an emblem of royal power which the ancient Romans used to represent the universe, before it was adapted by Christians who added a cross on top to represent the world under Christianity.

The Queen presented the pontiff with a hamper of British produce, including goods grown in the gardens of royal palaces, and whisky.

The Queen, who is supreme governor of the Church of England, met the leader of the world's Roman Catholics at a time of thorny Anglican-Catholic relations over the Vatican's move to bring in hundreds of Church of England priests dissenting from their Church's line on the ordination of women.

Queen Elizabeth II and Pope Benedict XVI, surrounded by other people, meet school children outside the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the Queen's official residence in Scotland, on 16 September 2010 The former Pope, Benedict XVI, met the Queen at her official Scottish residence during his 2010 state visit
The Queen stands alongside Pope John Paul II in 2000 The Queen has now met five popes, including Pope John Paul II in 2000

Relations between the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby and Pope Francis are cordial, however and the Queen has long supported moves to improve understanding between the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches, BBC correspondents say.

One subject that was not expected to be discussed was the Falkland Islands, known in Argentina as Las Malvinas, which are controlled by the UK but claimed by the Pope's native Argentina. He has in the past referred to the islands as "ours".

The visit coincides with the 32nd anniversary of the start of the Falklands War.

Argentine soldiers on their way to occupy the captured Royal Marines base in Port Stanley, a few days after Argentina seized the Falkland Islands 649 Argentines, 255 British troops and three islanders were killed in the 1982 conflict

Speaking to Vatican radio, Britain's ambassador to the Holy See, Nigel Baker, said: "The Vatican has been clear with us, including in the last week and at a very senior level, that their long-standing position of neutrality on this issue remains in force."

He added that the Queen "will want, I think, to understand from Pope Francis how he sees the role of faith in the world".

Queen Elizabeth II had previously visited the Vatican three times during her reign - once to meet John XXIII in 1961 and again in 1980 and 2000 to see John Paul II, whom she also met at Buckingham Palace in 1982.

Both former popes are being made saints in a first-ever double papal canonisation later this month.

The Queen also met Pope Pius XII in 1951 - a year before she took the throne - and the now pope emeritus Benedict XVI in Edinburgh when he visited the UK in 2010.

The Queen and the Pope's meeting was "less formal" than previous occasions, says BBC correspondent Alan Johnston

The Anglican church, which separated from Rome after the divorce of King Henry VIII in the 16th Century, has about 80 million followers compared with the world's 1.2 billion Catholics.

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