Eastern Ukraine militants snub Geneva deal on crisis

 

James Reynolds reports as activists reinforce barricades in Donetsk

Pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk say they will not leave the government building there, defying the Kiev authorities and threatening a new international deal on Ukraine.

The separatists' spokesman said that the Kiev government was "illegal" and so they would not go until it stepped down.

Russia, Ukraine, the EU and US earlier agreed that illegal military groups in Ukraine must leave official buildings.

The deal was reached in Geneva.

The sides agreed that illegal military groups in Ukraine must be dissolved, and that those occupying buildings must be disarmed and leave them. The foreign ministers also agreed that there would be an amnesty for all anti-government protesters.

US President Barack Obama has cautiously welcomed the Geneva deal.

But he warned that the US and its allies were ready to impose new sanctions on Russia - accused by the West of supporting the Ukrainian separatists - if the situation failed to improve.

A tense standoff continues in eastern Ukraine, where separatists - many of them armed - are occupying official buildings in at least nine cities and towns.

Pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk, 18 Apr 14 The "Donetsk People's Republic" refuses to recognise the Kiev authorities
East Ukraine map

Alexander Gnezdilov, spokesman for the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, said his group would evacuate the government building in the eastern city only when the "illegal" Kiev government vacated parliament and the presidential administration.

Another protest leader in Donetsk said the separatists would not leave unless pro-European Union demonstrators in Kiev's Maidan Square - the vanguard of the protest movement that toppled President Viktor Yanukovych, an ally of Moscow - packed up their camp first.

A statement from the Donetsk separatists said "we cannot accept the values of the Kiev junta, we have our heroic past going back to World War Two, we are the Russian bear which is waking up".

"Don't worry, everything will stay peaceful and orderly. The only problem is if the Kiev junta want war."

They said they would not ask Russia for help yet, but "we will have a referendum before 11 May, about Donbass independence - after that we will ask for help".

The BBC's James Reynolds recorded his day as he and a BBC team covered events in eastern Ukraine

Addressing the Ukrainian parliament on Friday, interim Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk said an amnesty bill had been prepared for separatists who laid down their arms and left government buildings - and he urged them to do so.

"Russia was made to condemn extremism and to agree that all bandit groups should immediately lay down arms and vacate premises. So vacate. Your time is over. We are urging them to immediately observe what the Russian minister signed and to leave Ukraine alone," he said.

But later the Ukrainian interim authorities struck a more conciliatory tone. In a joint televised address, Mr Yatsenyuk and acting President Oleksander Turchynov appealed for national unity and promised to meet some of the demands of protesters in the east of the country.

They said they would support constitutional change, including the devolving of power to local councils - including over their official language, a key demand of Russian-speakers.

In other developments on Friday:

  • The interior ministry in Kiev issued an arrest warrant for Olexander Yanukovych, the eldest son of fugitive ex-President Yanukovych and a millionaire businessman, for alleged forgery of documents; the ex-president fled to Russia in February - it is not clear where he or Olexander are now
  • Russian shares bounced back after the Geneva deal - the RTS index in Moscow was up 2.8% and the MICEX up 2.3%. They had slumped earlier in the week
  • Russia demanded that Kiev explain an official notice restricting entry to Ukraine for most Russian men aged between 16 and 60.
Media spotlight on Putin

Russian newspapers devoted their front pages on Friday to coverage of a four-hour televised phone-in with President Vladimir Putin, rather than the Geneva talks.

"Vladimir Putin: You don't need to worry about a thing" said the front-page headline in Rossiskaya Gazeta, while Kommersant bore the headline: "Putin charts a stubborn line".

Pro-unity protest in Donetsk. 17 April 2014 These pro-Kiev protesters took to the streets in Donetsk

Mr Putin was repeatedly applauded by Russians during the live event, in which he demanded firm security guarantees and equal rights for Russian-speakers in Ukraine.

He said he hoped he would not have to use his "right" to send Russian forces into Ukraine.

Moscow is believed to have tens of thousands of troops massed along the border with its neighbour.

Mr Putin was speaking after Wednesday night's clash in Mariupol, eastern Ukraine, in which three separatists were reportedly killed by Ukrainian security forces after hundreds of pro-Russians attacked a military base.

Start Quote

It is good that Russia is not taking the risk of an open confrontation with the West”

End Quote Vadym Karasyov Segodnya daily, Ukraine
US-UK resolve

But speaking in Washington just hours later, President Obama expressed scepticism as to whether Russia would keep its side of the bargain.

"My hope is that we actually do see follow-through over the next several days, but I don't think, given past performance, that we can count on that," he said.

In a telephone call with UK Prime Minister David Cameron, the two leaders agreed that the United States and Europe were prepared to take further measures to impose a new round of sanctions if Russia failed to help restore order.

And speaking on Friday, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague said: "We do want to see over this weekend Russia take the necessary actions to reduce tensions to make sure the agreement in Geneva yesterday is upheld.

"We believe that Russia contributed to destabilising the east of Ukraine over the last week, now it's an important obligation on them to contribute to stabilising it.

"We will all want to see evidence of that otherwise we will return to imposing more sanctions on Russia as we agreed at the beginning of the week."

Ukraine has been in crisis since President Yanukovych was toppled in February.

Russia then annexed the Crimean peninsula - part of Ukraine but with a Russian-speaking majority - in a move that provoked international outrage.

 

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  • rate this
    -3

    Comment number 693.

    680.

    By opening fire and killing three pro-russian protesters yesterday. The Russian military has killed nobody. One Ukrainian officer and one Crimean self defence officer were killed in a firefight that's all. Take a look at the numerous youtube and Panorama videos showing the hatred and violence levelled at ethnic Russian civilians in the Ukrain by the Right Sector (now in power).

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 692.

    I never understood why the parties, to the agreement, thought that they had legitimacy to negotiate an end to end the dispute, when one party wasn't represented or even present at the talks!

    It would be just like *me* deciding to have an agreement as to how to end it - nobody would take any notice.

  • Comment number 691.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 690.

    The rebels of eastern Ukraine were not represented at the Geneva talks, so it was obvious to most of us that there was a strong possibility that they wouldn't agree with the outcome of the talks.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 689.

    661. TurkeysVoting4Xmas
    Sorry, I was replying to a previous comment and I think you may have misinterpreted what I was saying - I'm not talking about Putin's invasion, but Yanukovych and his government's decision to U-turn (which despite being a morally dubious decision it was certainly not illegal)

  • rate this
    +10

    Comment number 688.

    If Putin is really sincere about de-escalating the situation in Ukraine, he should withdraw the troops on the border and command any Russian military involved inside Ukraine to return to Russia. Doubt that Kiev would try anything rash! However, I remain suspicious of Putin. After all, he is ex-KGB. And there is the saying that "a leopard cannot change its spots", especially an old leopard!

  • rate this
    -5

    Comment number 687.

    648. Oliver Beerthanks
    Were you bullied at school by any chance?
    ______________________
    Someone tried. Once. I dealt with it and became the most popular boy in school.

    682. BobTheCrate
    JUST NOW
    @610 Asif Smif

    "@ 607. BobTheCrate:
    We Brits don't hate Russia or Russians.
    ____

    I am English, I don't hate Russia, but yours is a puerile concept and therefore you don't speak on my behalf.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 686.

    Eddie Gill @649
    "those who say
    solution is simple
    always (have) little or no knowledge"

    While those who claim knowledge near-full, 'always' disclaim responsibility for outcomes, for unrest in their own lands (troublemakers), for crises & wars 'somehow sparked' in other jurisdictions.

    Who can ever know all? One thing we all 'must' know: our equal partnership. If to know a viable peaceful future.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 685.

    I think its time the West just backed off the rest of the world and let countries and governments evolve at their own pace.
    But wait, hold on they are doing that where there is no wealth or gain, for example the Congo conflict has been raging since i can remember millions dead but hey who cares?

  • rate this
    -4

    Comment number 684.

    Long live the Fascist so called Democratic Governments that brain wash us into believe they are all doing good whilst just feathering their own nest. Oh and very sorry for the people who can not see that or don't want to see it.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 683.

    People have short memories. Former Russian-backed Pres of Ukraine Yanukovych won through a rigged election and then did a policy U-turn by rejecting a EU deal bringing the Ukraine much hope instead of a customs union with Russia. The majority of ethnic Ukrainians want closer EU ties, Maidan represents them. Eastern Ukraine doesn't mind closer EU ties but wants their language rights guaranteed.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 682.

    @610 Asif Smif

    "@ 607. BobTheCrate:
    We Brits don't hate Russia...
    \\\\\
    Please replace "Brits" with "UKIP". UKIP are the only ones who express admiration for Putin. The rest of Britain is divided at best."

    ---o---

    No don't think I will thanks all the same Asif.

    We Brits don't hate Russia or Russians. That is the reserve of Svoboda & RightSector.

  • rate this
    +6

    Comment number 681.

    Would I be right in saying that if the russian rebels in the Ukraine were in Syria. Libya or numerous other places they would have the full backing of the beeb, Oh and the Eu, US, Nato and the UN.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 680.

    651. chrisdunstone: "Kiev have persecuted those in east Ukraine."

    How? When? What did they do? Until this week, months into this crisis and even after an annexation of an entire region of Ukraine, not a single shot has even been fired at a pro-Russian protester, even when they happily assaulted and opened fire upon Ukrainian servicemen just doing their duty.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 679.

    sabs: that is just balls and you know it!

    there is no such comment and you are full of it.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 678.

    BBC, Why do I have to sign in when every time I want to rate a comment? Are you suffering from a bit of RT/Rossiya1/ epidemic malaise?

    PS. Or are you just still broken & unfit for the job.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 677.

    REVOLUTION, REVOLUTION, REVOLUTION !

    Revolution in West Ukraine !

    Revolution in East Ukraine !

    Revolution in Russia !

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 676.

    Perspective worth considering... reminding us about the extent of US/EU meddling that began this, and suggesting the US/NATO are covertly pushing for war

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWkfpGCAAuw

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 675.

    MORAL HIGH GROUND

    The difference between the EU/US and Russia is that US/EU overthrew a democratic government using the CIA.

    And Russia did not.

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 674.

    Personally I think its a mistake to think that Putin has an agenda other than acruing as much money & power to himself & his inner circle as he possibly can.

    He certainly doesn't care about the day to day standard of living of the 'average' Russian.

    One day, when he is gone from power we will find out that during his time in office he has made himself one of the richest men on the planet

 

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