'Pay new tax or leave' pamphlet revives old Donetsk Jews fears
19 April 2014 Last updated at 08:37 BST
Posters and leaflets have appeared in Donetsk, Eastern Ukrainian, demanding Jews register, pay a new tax or leave, because of 'their support for the Kiev government'.
The leaflets were signed by the pro-Russian group People's Republic of Donetsk, but it says they are fake and designed to discredit Moscow's supporters.
The BBC has obtained CCTV footage that shows how leaflets were distributed. Around 15,000 Jews live in the city.
Natalia Antelava reports.