Europe

Hollande warns racism 'still here' as he visits WW2 camp

French President Francois Hollande looks at a gas chamber at the former Nazi concentration camp in Natzwieler-Struthof, eastern France, on 26 April 2015, on a day commemorating the Allied liberation of the last Nazi camps at the end of World War Two Image copyright AFP
Image caption President Hollande looks at the gas chamber at the former Nazi concentration camp - the only one in occupied France

France's president has warned that anti-Semitism and racism "are still here" on a visit to the only Nazi concentration camp on French soil.

Francois Hollande was taking part in a ceremony to mark 70 years since Allied troops liberated the last Nazi camps at the end of World War Two.

"The worst can always happen," Mr Hollande said at the site of Natzweiler-Struthof in Alsace.

"We prevent it by knowing."

Most of the 50,000 inmates were French resistance fighters, but they also included Jews and gypsies. By the time of its liberation, almost half the prisoners had died.

The Nazis built and tested one of their first gas chambers at the camp.

France has been grappling with rising attacks on both Jews and Muslims after deadly shootings by Islamist gunmen in January, sparking fresh debate about growing social tensions, says the BBC's Lucy Williamson in Paris.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption There were emotional remembrances at the site of the Bergen-Belsen camp in Germany, where some 70,000 people perished

Commemorations have also been held in northern Germany to mark the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where an estimated 70,000 people were killed, including the young Jewish diarist Anne Frank.

The president of the World Jewish Congress, Ronald Lauder, remembered the first shocking images to emerge from the camp.

"We saw the bulldozers pushing naked bodies into open pits," he said, according to AFP news agency.

He remembered "the walking skeletons, the unbelievable sadness and loss," at a ceremony attended by about 70 survivors.

Another emotional ceremony took place at the site of another camp - Jasenovac in Croatia - to mark the 70th anniversary of an escape attempt by about 600 inmates.

Only 80 or 90 inmates escaped, with the rest shot by guards.

More on this story

Around the BBC