Europe

Migrant crisis: Thousands arrive in mainland Greece

  • 2 September 2015
  • From the section Europe
Media captionSyrian refugees disembark from a ferry at the port of Piraeus

Thousands of migrants are arriving in mainland Greece as the government prepares for talks on tackling the huge number of people reaching its shores.

Two ships carrying more than 4,200 people travelled to Piraeus port at night after leaving Lesbos island.

The whole EU is struggling to deal with an unprecedented influx of migrants.

Some 2,000 people, mostly from the Middle East, remain stranded outside a railway station in Hungary after police stopped them travelling through the EU.

The EU's border control agency, Frontex, says 23,000 migrants arrived in Greece last week alone - an increase of 50% on the previous week.

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More than 160,000 people have arrived in Greece so far this year - already surpassing last year's total.

But in a reminder of the dangers they face, reports on Wednesday said at least 11 migrants, believed to be Syrians, were feared drowned after two boats sank as they left Turkey for the Greek island of Kos.

Image caption Nearly 2,000 Syrian refugees arrived in Piraeus

Greece's government says it lacks the resources to look after that many arrivals, but aid groups say authorities should be doing more.

On Tuesday, Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos called his French counterpart Francois Hollande and asked that the situation facing Greece be discussed at a senior European level.

Greece's caretaker cabinet is set to convene later on Wednesday.

Many of those arriving in the country do so on the island of Lesbos, where, according to the Kathimerini newspaper, 17,500 migrants were registered in the last week.

One ferry carrying 1,749 migrants travelling from Lesbos arrived in the port of Piraeus, near Athens, late on Tuesday.

One of the passengers, a Syrian teacher named Isham, told Reuters news agency: "You have to help us. We are human."

Another, with close to 2,500 on board, was due to arrive on Wednesday.


Media captionHundreds of families have set up camp underneath Budapest's eastern station

At-the-scene: Nick Thorpe in Budapest, Hungary

The stalemate around Keleti station continues. Many families are trying to decide what to do now. Everyone is asking each other the same question - will they be allowed to carry on their journeys or are they stuck here until their money runs out?

Lines of police are currently blocking the entrance to the station. People are very frustrated and very angry.

I was talking to two Syrian girls who said they hadn't washed for days. They said the Hungarians looked down on them, and that hotels and restaurants around the station were increasingly not allowing them in. They feel very humiliated by the situation.


Under an EU rule known as the Dublin Regulation, refugees should seek asylum in the first EU country they enter. But Italy and Greece - the main landing points - say they cannot cope with the numbers and many migrants head north.

On Monday, Hungary had appeared to abandon efforts to register migrants, allowing huge numbers to board trains at Keleti station in east Budapest and travel to Vienna and southern Germany.

But on Tuesday the Hungarian authorities sealed off the station to migrants, saying it was trying to fufill its obligations as an EU member by upholding border controls.

Overnight, some 2,000 people remained camped outside the station.

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Hundreds of migrants again protested on Wednesday morning, chanting "Freedom, freedom" and waving train tickets.

Members of the crowd have complained that they had paid hundreds of euros for tickets to Austria or Germany.

Hungary said it would now register all migrants and send those it considered to be economic migrants back to the state from which they entered the country.

The German government has already said it will allow Syrians arriving from other EU states to apply for asylum. But on Tuesday, a spokesman said the Dublin Regulation had not been suspended.

"Dublin rules are still valid and we expect European member states to stick to them," an interior ministry spokesman said.

Elsewhere in Europe, trespassers on the tracks of the Channel Tunnel and reports of migrants on train roofs caused disruption to trains between France and the UK overnight.

Image caption Migrants wave their train tickets outside Keleti station in Budapest
Image caption Many families bedded down near Keleti station, wondering what to do next

The number of migrants entering Europe has reached record levels, with 107,500 arriving in July alone.

Germany expects to take in 800,000 migrants this year - four times last year's total.


Migrants or refugees?

The word migrant is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "one who moves, either temporarily or permanently, from one place, area, or country of residence to another".

A refugee is, according to the 1951 Refugee Convention, any person who "owing to a well-founded fear" of persecution is outside their country of nationality and "unable" or "unwilling" to seek the protection of that country. To gain the status, one has to go through the legal process of claiming asylum.

The word migrant has traditionally been considered a neutral term, but some criticise the BBC and other media for using a word they say implies something voluntary, and should not be applied to people fleeing danger.

Battle over words to describe migrants


The risks for migrants travelling through Europe were highlighted last week by the deaths of 71 people found in a lorry that had travelled to Austria from Budapest.

As a result, Austria reintroduced border controls at main crossings from Hungary.

EU interior and justice ministers will meet in Brussels on 14 September to address the crisis.

Media captionThe rules governing immigration to the EU - explained in 90 seconds

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