Europe

Turkey shells both IS and Kurdish positions in Syria

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Media caption"Curse those who did this": The BBC's Mark Lowen meets relatives of a bomb attack on a wedding

Turkey has bombarded so-called Islamic State (IS) targets across the border in northern Syria ahead of an expected ground attack on an IS-held town.

Some 1,500 Turkish-backed Syrian rebels have also gathered in the Turkish city of Gaziantep, poised for an offensive to drive IS out of Jarablus.

Turkey has also shelled Syrian Kurdish forces nearby, apparently to deter them from taking Jarablus themselves.

Gaziantep was hit by a suicide bombing on Saturday which killed 54 people.

The BBC's Mark Lowen in Gaziantep says the attack on a wedding in the city, blamed on IS, may have been spurred by reports of the imminent Syrian rebel offensive.

Image caption The wedding couple, Nurettin (left) and Besna Akdogan, survived the attack

More victims of the blast are being identified and our correspondent says the wave of bombings in Turkey could intensify as the country becomes ever more embroiled in the Syrian war.

Why is Turkey shelling both IS and the Kurds?

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu has said that IS should be "completely cleansed" from areas in northern Syria near its border.

Turkish forces have been exchanging shellfire with IS positions in the Jarablus area since Monday.

However, Turkey is also wary of moves that might bolster Syrian Kurdish forces, known as the YPG, which it views as an extension of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), a Turkish-Kurdish rebel group fighting for autonomy since the 1980s.

On Monday, Turkey shelled YPG positions near Manbij, a town they took from IS this month.

The 1,500 fighters poised to enter Syria from Gaziantep are believed to be Turkish-backed Syrian rebels. A senior rebel official quoted by Reuters said they were fighting under the banner of the Free Syrian Army.

How the wedding attack in Gaziantep is connected

The identity and motive of the suicide bomber who attacked the wedding party have yet to be revealed.

Soon after the attack, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said IS was the likely perpetrator but Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said on Monday that investigators actually did "not have a clue".

He downplayed earlier reports that the attacker was between 12 and 14 years old, saying this could not be confirmed.

The pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) said the wedding was for one of its members, and IS have targeted Turkish Kurds in the past.

Many of the victims were children - the two youngest were four years old.

Image copyright Twitter
Image caption A New York Times reporter gave the ages of the children killed in Gaziantep
Image copyright EPA
Image caption Relatives of one of the victims, Ahmet Toraman

Sixty-six people are still in hospital, 14 of them in a serious condition, Turkey's Dogan news agency reported.

A disproportionately large number of women and children were killed in the attack because it targeted henna night, a part of the celebration attended mainly by women and children, says BBC Monitoring's Turkey analyst Pinar Sevinclidir.

Where is Assad in all this?

Syrian government forces are not directly involved in the battle for the border at Jarablus, having gradually lost ground in the north over more than five years of civil war.

Turkey's long-time position has been that President Bashar al-Assad must be ousted as a condition for peace in Syria.

However, Prime Minister Yildirim acknowledged this week that he was one of the "actors" and suggested he could play a role in an interim leadership.

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