Europe

St Petersburg attack: What we know

Technological Institute metro station in Saint Petersburg Image copyright AFP
Image caption The driver was praised for moving the train into the station after the blast

A bomb in a train in the Russian city of St Petersburg killed 14 people and injured 51 others on 3 April. The suicide bomber has been identified as Akbarzhon Jalilov, a naturalised Russian national born in Kyrgyzstan in 1995.

How did it happen?

The bomb went off at around 14:30 local time (11:30 GMT) after a train left Sennaya Ploshchad station, heading south for Tekhnologichesky Institut on the blue, north-south metro line.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Emergency services treated some of the injured outside the metro station

Initial reports spoke of two bombs but it gradually became clear that there was a single blast, possibly in the third carriage of the train.

Although the explosion happened in between the two stations the driver continued to Tekhnologichesky Institut to enable victims to be helped more easily. Russia's investigative committee said this decision may have helped prevent further losses.

The St Petersburg metro was shut down and three days of mourning declared. Traffic in surrounding streets and in much of central St Petersburg was brought to a standstill for hours, and volunteers offered lifts via social media to people trying to get home.

At the time of the explosion President Vladimir Putin was just outside Russia's second city, meeting Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko at the Konstantin palace in Strelna.

What caused the explosion?

Early indications were that the bomb was an improvised device made out of the explosive TNT. Pictures from the scene showed mangled doors and bodies on the floor of the platform.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption The explosion hit the metro system of Russia's second-largest city

Minutes later another device was found propped up against a wall at another city metro station, Ploshchad Vosstaniya. That was safely defused and reports said it contained 1kg of TNT, more than used in the original blast.

Who are the suspects?

No group has said it carried out the attack.

Russian officials named the suicide bomber as 22-year-old Akbarzhon Jalilov.

Jalilov was born in Osh, Kyrgyzstan's second-largest city, and was a naturalised Russian citizen.

Russia's state investigative committee said fragments of his body were found in the third carriage of the train, indicating he was a suicide bomber.

He had also planted the second bomb that did not explode, the investigators added.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Russian security services named Abror Azimov as a key suspect

The suspect had ties with radical Islamists, law enforcement officials were quoted by Russian media as saying.

Ten other people, all originally from Central Asia, have been detained in connection with the attack.

Russian security services said they believed one suspect, Abror Azimov, had trained Jalilov ahead of the bombing.

However, Mr Azimov has denied masterminding the attack.

He was born in Kyrgyzstan in 1990 and moved to Russia in 2008, reportedly becoming a Russian citizen in 2013.

His older brother Akram, who was arrested separately, is suspected of transferring funds to pay for the attack and establishing links with international terrorist organisations.

Eight other suspects were held for allegedly recruiting for Islamist militant groups and "committing crimes of a terrorist nature", Russia's Investigative Committee (SK) said.

Who are the victims?

One of them is 20-year-old Maksim Aryshev from Kazakhstan, a student of economics at St Petersburg State University, according to the Kazakh embassy in Russia.

Image copyright Embassy of Kazakhstan
Image caption Maksim Aryshev was a student at St Petersburg State University

Irina Medyantseva, a 50-year-old doll maker, also died trying to protect her daughter, Yelena, from the blast. Yelena, 29, was injured and taken to hospital.

Others victims include Dilbara Alieva, 20, from Azerbaijan, who was taken to hospital but later died from her injuries.

The oldest victim was Yuri Nalimov, 71, and one of the youngest was Ksenia Malyukova, 18, Russia's investigative committee reports (in Russian).

Read more: Who were the victims?

Has Russia been attacked before?

Russia's transport infrastructure has been targeted in several occasions.

  • In 2013, suicide bombers killed 31 people in consecutive attacks in Volgograd, on the central station and a trolleybus
  • In 2011, a bombing at Domodedovo airport in Moscow claimed 35 lives
  • In 2010, 38 people were killed in an attack on the Moscow metro by two female suicide bombers
  • In 2009, Islamist militants from the North Caucasus blew up the Nevsky express train from Moscow to St Petersburg, killing 27 people. Two years earlier another express train on the same line was derailed by a bomb.

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