Bolvia profile - Media
Many media outlets are in private hands and ownership is highly concentrated.
The government operates a TV station and community radios.
Officials use legal, political and economic means to pressure independent media, says Freedom House.
The NGO adds that there is intense rivalry between pro- and anti-government media.
"Politicised" media face being denied funding from state advertising, says Reporters Without Borders. It says arbitrary arrests and impunity for violence against journalists are other problems.
Newspaper readership is limited by low literacy. Radio is important, especially in rural areas. There are hundreds of stations.
Nearly 4.5 million Bolivians were online by 2016 (Internetlivestats.com).
- La Razon - La Paz daily
- Los Tiempos - Cochabamba daily
- El Diario - La Paz daily
- El Deber - Santa Cruz daily
- El Mundo - Santa Cruz daily
- Correo del Sur - Sucre daily
- Unitel (Canal 9) - private, Santa Cruz
- ATB (Canal 9) - private, La Paz
- Red Uno (Canal 11) - private, La Paz
- Bolivia TV (Canal 7) - government-run, commercial
- TV Universitaria (Canal 13) - university station, La Paz
- Radio Fides - Catholic, news and talk
- Radio Panamericana - national, news and talk network
- Radio Patria Nueva - state-run, community network