Latin America & Caribbean

Ecuador profile

The Chimborazo volcano, located along the equatorial bulge, puts its summit at the furthest point from the centre of the earth
  • Full name: Republic of Ecuador
  • Population: 14.8 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Quito
  • Area: 272,045 sq km (105,037 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Spanish, indigenous languages
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 79 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 US dollar = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Petroleum, bananas, shrimp, coffee, cocoa, cut flowers, fish
  • GNI per capita: US $4,200 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .ec
  • International dialling code: +593