Latin America & Caribbean

Ecuador profile: Media

Ecuador presents a hostile environment for journalists and the media, international media freedom organisations say.

It is characterised by "self-censorship, intimidation, and legal sanctions", US-based Freedom House reports. The NGO says Socialist President Rafael Correa (2007-2017) and other officials have targeted journalists and media outlets with aggressive rhetoric.

Defamation is a criminal offence. A 2013 Communications Law provides for regulation of editorial content and gives officials the power to sanction media outlets.

Most media outlets are privately-run. Ownership is highly concentrated.

Radio is a key medium; there are hundreds of stations, some broadcasting in indigenous languages. Soap operas and US series are staple fare on TV.

There were 7 million internet users by 2016 (Internetlivestats.com). The government has attempted to force the removal of critical social media content on copyright grounds, says Freedom House.

The press

Television

Image copyright Getty Images

Radio