Are Brazil's Catholics growing tired of the Church?
7 March 2013 Last updated at 15:55 GMT
As Roman Catholic cardinals gather in Rome, there are calls for them to consider electing a pope from outside Europe.
Brazil is the world's most populous Catholic country, where 90% of the population used to say they belonged to the church.
But it is under pressure from the Protestant Evangelical movement which now accounts for almost a quarter of the population, as Wyre Davies reports.