Panama to release 32 crew members of seized North Korean ship

Russian made engine in N Korean ship Russian-made fighter jet engines were found inside the Chong Chon Gang

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Panama has ordered the release of 32 crew members of a North Korean ship seized six months ago in the Panama Canal, carrying Cuban weapons.

The captain and two other crew members will remain in detention as they are facing weapons trafficking charges.

Cuba said that the Soviet-era jet planes and weapons were being taken to North Korea to be repaired.

But the United Nations says this was a breach of international sanctions against North Korea.

The Panamanian authorities said that taking the cargo through the canal endangered the country's internal security.

Earlier this month, the ship's owners agreed to pay $670,000 (£400,000) to have the vessel released.

Documents have been found showing that "the ship's captain, the first officer and the political officer had been given instructions about what to do if the illegal shipment was detected," prosecutor Nahaniel Murgas said.

The 32 crew members also gave statements denying knowledge of the illegal cargo.

Chong Chon Gang's route

Map showing the route that the Chong Chon Gang took before being seized in Panama
  1. Departs from Nakhodka in Russian far east (200km east of North Korean border)
  2. Arrives at Pacific side of Panama Canal
  3. Leaves the Panama Canal on the Caribbean side heading for Havana, but disappears from satellite tracking
  4. Arrives back at Panamanian port of Manzanillo; later searched for contraband. Weapons uncovered

As a result they are being released without charge, but the captain and the other crew members face 12-year sentences for arms smuggling.

"Ageing weapons"

The container ship - the Chong Chon Gang - was stopped near Manzanillo, on the Atlantic side of the canal, on 15 July under suspicion that it was carrying drugs.

It had disappeared from satellite tracking for a few days as it approached the Cuban capital, Havana, having departed from Russia's eastern coast three months earlier.

Officials found 25 containers of military hardware, including two Soviet-era MiG-21 fighter aircraft, air defence systems, missiles and command and control vehicles.

Cuban authorities said that the ship was carrying 240 tonnes of "obsolete" defensive weapons.

A United Nations panel of experts was sent to Panama three weeks later.

The North Korean government had called on Panama to release the vessel.

"This cargo is nothing but ageing weapons which are to be sent back to Cuba after overhauling them according to a legitimate contract," the North's foreign ministry was quoted as saying by the state-run Central News Agency.

The UN team later published a preliminary report saying that sanctions against North Korea over its nuclear programme had been violated.

Under UN sanctions, North Korea is banned from weapons exports and the import of all but small arms.

Annotated image of North Korean ship

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