Middle East

Israel profile - Key facts

Street scene, Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv is also known as the White City for its collection of more than 4,000 buildings in the Bauhaus style
  • Full name: State of Israel
  • Population: 7.7 million (UN, 2012)
  • Seat of government: Jerusalem, though most foreign embassies are in Tel Aviv
  • Area: Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics cites 22,072 sq km (8,522 sq miles), including Jerusalem and Golan
  • Major languages: Hebrew, Arabic
  • Major religions: Judaism, Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 80 years (men), 84 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 new Israeli shekel (NIS) = 100 new agorot
  • Main exports: Computer software, military equipment, chemicals, agricultural products
  • GNI per capita: US $34,120 (World Bank, 2013)
  • Internet domain: .il
  • International dialling code: +972