Saudi Arabia profile

Man walks past newspaper stand in Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia maintains tight control over the media

Saudi investors are major players in the pan-Arab TV industry, but the country has one of the region's most tightly-controlled media environments.

Criticism of the government and royal family and the questioning of Islamic tenets are not generally tolerated. Self-censorship is pervasive.

The state-run Broadcasting Service of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (BSKSA) operates almost all domestic broadcasting outlets. The minister of culture and information chairs the body which oversees radio and TV.

Major market

Private TV stations cannot operate from Saudi soil, but the country is a major market for pan-Arab satellite and pay-TV. Saudi investors are behind the major networks MBC, which is based in Dubai, and Bahrain-based Orbit Showtime.

Saudi tycoon Prince Alwaleed bin Talal owns the Rotana media entertainment empire and in late 2011 acquired a $300m stake in the social media site Twitter.

Newspapers are created by royal decree. There are more than a dozen dailies. Pan-Arab papers, subject to censorship, are available. On sensitive stories, newspapers tend to follow the editorial lead of the state-run news agency.

There were 13 million internet users by December 2011 ( The authorities openly acknowledge that widespread filtering takes place. It targets "pornographic", Islam-related, human rights and political sites.

Changes to the press law in 2011 brought all forms of electronic publishing under its scope.

Social media

Saudi Arabia is one of the largest social media markets in the Middle East. The popularity of social media has been boosted by the high rate of smartphone ownership.

With 1.9 million users, Saudi Arabia accounts for over half of all active Twitter users in the Arab region, according to a Dubai School of Government report (2013). Among the top Twitter users are clerics and members of the royal family.

Saudi Arabia has the highest per-capita YouTube use of any country in the world.

The press


  • Saudi TV - state-run, operates four networks, including news network Al-Ikhbariya


News agency/internet

More on This Story

More Middle East stories


Features & Analysis

Elsewhere on the BBC


  • (File photo) A man dressed as Father Christmas with a sleigh and a reindeer Click Watch

    A website which tracks Father Christmas, plus other sites and apps to keep you entertained

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.