Saudi Arabia profile - Media
- 23 January 2015
- From the section Middle East
Saudi investors are major players in the pan-Arab TV industry, but the country has one of the region's most tightly-controlled media environments.
Criticism of the government and royal family and the questioning of Islamic tenets are not generally tolerated. Self-censorship is pervasive.
The state-run Broadcasting Service of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (BSKSA) operates almost all domestic broadcasting outlets. The minister of culture and information chairs the body which oversees radio and TV.
Private TV stations cannot operate from Saudi soil, but the country is a major market for pan-Arab satellite and pay-TV. Saudi investors are behind the major networks MBC, which is based in Dubai, and Bahrain-based Orbit Showtime.
Saudi tycoon Prince Alwaleed bin Talal owns the Rotana media entertainment empire and in late 2011 acquired a $300m stake in the social media site Twitter.
Newspapers are created by royal decree. There are more than a dozen dailies. Pan-Arab papers, subject to censorship, are available. On sensitive stories, newspapers tend to follow the editorial lead of the state-run news agency.
There were 17.4 million internet users by 2014 (Internetlivestats.com). The authorities openly acknowledge that widespread filtering takes place. It targets "pornographic", Islam-related, human rights and political sites.
Changes to the press law in 2011 brought all forms of electronic publishing under its scope.
Saudi Arabia is one of the largest social media markets in the Middle East. The popularity of social media has been boosted by the high rate of smartphone ownership.
With 2.4 million users, Saudi Arabia is home to more than 40% of all active Twitter users in the Arab region, says the Dubai School of Government (2014). Among the top Twitter users are clerics and members of the royal family.
The country accounts for 10 per cent of all Facebook users in the Arab region.
Saudi Arabia has the highest per-capita YouTube use of any country in the world.
- Al-Watan - Abha-based daily
- Al-Riyadh - Riyadh-based daily
- Okaz - Jeddah-based daily
- Al-Jazirah - Riyadh-based daily
- Al-Sharq - Riyadh-based daily
- Al-Hayat - Saudi pan-Arab daily, based in London
- Al-Sharq al-Awsat - Saudi pan-Arab daily, based in London, site in English
- Arab News - Jeddah-based English-language daily
- Saudi Gazette - Jeddah-based English-language daily
- Saudi TV - state-run, operates four networks, including news network Al-Ikhbariya