Middle East

Syria profile

Roman ruins at Palmyria
Syria has numerous ancient relics
  • Full name: The Syrian Arab Republic
  • Population: 21.1 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Damascus
  • Area: 185,180 sq km (71,498 sq miles)
  • Major language: Arabic
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 74 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Syrian pound = 100 piastres
  • Main exports: Oil, gas
  • GNI per capita: US $2,750 (World Bank, 2010)
  • Internet domain: .sy
  • International dialling code: +963