Qatar emir calls for Palestinian unity on visit to Gaza

The emir pledged $400m (£250m) for building projects in the Gaza Strip

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Qatar's emir has called for Palestinian unity on the first visit to Gaza by a head of state since Hamas took power.

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani urged the Islamist group and rival Palestinian group Fatah, which holds power in the West Bank, to reconcile.

He pledged $400m (£250m) for building projects in the Gaza Strip, which has been ravaged by conflict with Israel.

Israel, which says Hamas is a terrorist group, said the emir's support for the Islamists "threw peace under a bus".

Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniya said the trip had broken Israel's economic and political blockade of Gaza.

He said the visit showed Gaza was "not alone".

The Palestinian Authority expressed reservations about the emir's visit, after President Mahmoud Abbas phoned Sheikh Hamad earlier this week to emphasise he was the internationally recognised leader of the Palestinians.

Qatar has become one of Hamas' main benefactors since it fell out with Syria and relations cooled with Iran.

'Sit together, brothers'

The Qatari leader was given a hero's welcome as he entered Gaza by car via the Rafah Crossing from Egypt amid tight security, to be greeted and embraced by Mr Haniya before a guard of honour ceremony outside an elaborate desert-style tent.

Analysis

Across Gaza, Hamas has put up the bunting for the emir's visit.

Maroon and white Qatari flags decorate lampposts and there are huge billboards bearing his face.

At Gaza's Rafah crossing after arriving from Egypt in a vast motorcade, the emir was met by the Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniya and given a red carpet reception. No head of state has made such a journey since Hamas came to power - and the Islamist movement wants to make political capital.

Qatar has now pledged $400m for construction projects here. Hamas says for the first time Egypt will allow the building materials for the developments to be brought in overland, bypassing the Strip's smuggling tunnels which have flourished under an Israeli and Egyptian blockade.

Since Hamas's fallout with the Syrian leadership, Qatar has become one of the movement's main benefactors. But Qatar is also one of America's key Arab allies. That has led some in Gaza to accuse the Gulf State of meddling in Palestinian politics.

"Your visit today officially announces the break of the economic blockade and political blockade imposed on the Gaza Strip by the forces of injustice," said the Hamas prime minister.

For his part, the emir of Qatar used the landmark visit to call for warring Palestinian factions to unite.

"Why are you staying divided?" he asked an audience at Gaza's Islamic University. "There are no peace negotiations, and there is no clear strategy of resistance and liberation. Why shouldn't brothers sit together and reconcile?"

Hamas, which won parliamentary elections in 2006, ousted forces loyal to Palestinian Authority President Abbas in Gaza during clashes in 2007 and set up a rival government.

In response, Israel tightened its blockade on the coastal territory, which has had a crippling effect on Gaza's economy.

The emir's speech had been scheduled to take place at a major rally in Gaza City's 40,000-seat football stadium, but that event was called off at the last minute amid reports the stadium was sparsely filled.

Hamas officials said the sheikh's busy schedule was responsible for the cancellation: During his four-hour visit, the emir launched housing and hospital projects and received an honorary degree.

Israeli officials seemed bemused by the visit.

"This is more than strange, especially since Hamas is internationally recognized as a terror group," said Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman, Yigal Palmor.

"By hugging Hamas publicly, the emir of Qatar has thrown peace under the bus."

Qatar, one of the richest countries in the Arab world, has become an important source of revenue for Hamas in the aftermath of its fallout with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

In February, Hamas announced that its political leadership had been moved from Syria to Egypt and Qatar, because it could no longer effectively operate amid the unrest in Syria.

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