Egypt crisis: Morsi supporters hold Cairo protest

Jim Muir reports that Morsi supporters are hoping to escalate demonstrations against his removal

Supporters of ousted Egyptian Islamist President Mohammed Morsi have held a large rally in Cairo on the first Friday of the fasting month of Ramadan.

Mr Morsi's supporters gathered in their tens of thousands in the east of the city to call for his reinstatement.

Anti-Morsi protesters, whose mass demonstrations led to his removal by the army last week, gathered in smaller numbers in Tahrir Square.

Dozens of people have died in clashes since Mr Morsi's ousting.

Mr Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood movement may have alienated many people while in office, but many Egyptians are also uneasy at the military's intervention in the country's politics, analysts say, and what is emerging is a battle for public opinion and the middle ground.

At the scene

Earlier in the day, a group of young men hopped around shoulder to shoulder to the lyrics of 'Egypt is Islamic it is not secular'. As the sun set over Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, the winds carried with them a Koranic verse being read to tens of thousands of people who gathered here calling for the reinstatement of an ousted president.

There are long rows of makeshift tents between the crowds to lessen the blows of the day's scorching sun and young boys perched on fences, giggling as they sprayed water on the men and women who scrambled back and forth.

The atmosphere has been largely festive, the rhetoric as defiant as it has been since Mr Morsi's term in office came to an abrupt end on the back of millions of people who wanted him to step down.

As Egyptians broke their fast in Rabaa al-Adawiyah and elsewhere in Cairo, different crowds with staunchly different beliefs in politics and power were silently practising the same ritual in a rare moment that unites them. But they were not breaking bread together.

On Thursday the US urged Egypt's leadership to stop the new authorities' "arbitrary" arrests of Muslim Brotherhood members, warning against targeting any particular group.

Germany's foreign ministry called for all groups to refrain from violence, while urging the Egyptian authorities to end restrictions on Mr Morsi and allow an international organisation access to him.

UN chief Ban Ki-moon has also warned against the exclusion of any party from the political process.

However, White House spokesman Jay Carney said that the US administration did not believe it should immediately suspend aid to Egypt.

Washington is due to send four F-16 fighter jets to Egypt, but has not publicly confirmed that the delivery will go ahead.

The US administration says it is examining whether the military takeover constitutes a coup - US law prohibits the sending of aid to any country whose elected leader is deposed by a military coup.

Polarised situation

Mr Morsi's supporters have been staging mass protests throughout the week near the Presidential Guard barracks in eastern Cairo, where they believe he is being held.

Morsi opponents break fast on Tahrir Square - 11 July Both sides have been celebrating iftar - breaking the daily fast at sun-down - in the first days of Ramadan

The focal point of the protest is the nearby Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque, where they are camping out around the clock in their thousands.

Tens of thousands came for midday prayers outside the mosque despite the heat and the absence of food and drink, in what was billed as a full day of protests.

Mr Morsi's supporters said they were not seeking confrontation or violence, but given the bitterly polarised situation, with feelings running high on both sides, the potential is always there, correspondents say.

Anti-Morsi factions were planning a mass iftar - breaking the fast - rally on Tahrir Square.

Mr Morsi was removed on 3 July - a year after he was elected - following protests by millions of people across Egypt, and an interim President, Adly Mansour, was installed.

Adly Mansour's transition timeline

  • Panel formed within 15 days to review constitution
  • Constitutional amendments to be finalised and put to referendum in four months
  • Parliamentary elections to be held by early 2014
  • Presidential elections to be called once new parliament convenes

While the new authorities have not confirmed his whereabouts, the foreign ministry says he is in a "safe place" and being treated in a "very dignified manner".

However, reports emerged on Thursday that prosecutors are planning to investigate allegations that Mr Morsi and other Muslim Brotherhood leaders escaped from jail in 2011 with the help of the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas.

The Brotherhood leaders had been arrested two days earlier, in the midst of the revolution that overthrew Hosni Mubarak, and sent to the Wadi Natroun prison, north of Cairo.

Hamas has been accused of sending fighters from Gaza to storm prisons, thereby violating Egyptian security. It denies the accusations.

Plan rejected

Dozens of people have died in clashes in the aftermath of Mr Morsi's ousting. On Monday alone more than 50 Morsi loyalists were killed in clashes with the army.

The Muslim Brotherhood's spiritual leader, Mohammed Badie, and nine other senior figures were charged on Wednesday with inciting Monday's violence, despite conflicting accounts of the incident.

Mr Badie's whereabouts are not known.

Mr Mansour has set a timetable for a new constitution and elections, but Mr Morsi's supporters have rejected the plan and some political groups opposed to him say they were not consulted about it.

Meanwhile Hazem al-Beblawi, who Mr Mansour appointed as prime minister on Tuesday, has said he could offer cabinet posts to the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the political wing of the Muslim Brotherhood.

The FJP has rejected the offer.

Cairo protests Mr Morsi's supporters have been protesting near the Presidential Guard barracks, where they believe the ousted president is being held

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