As it happened: Egypt camps stormed

Key Points

  • Security forces carry out a day-long operation to break up camps of supporters loyal to the ousted president, Mohammed Morsi.
  • Egyptian health officials say 235 civilians, as well as 43 police officers, have been killed. But the Muslim Brotherhood puts the death toll at over 2,000
  • Egyptian authorities declare a month-long state of emergency and a curfew
  • Interim government vice-president Mohamed ElBaradei resigns over the bloodshed
  • There are also reports of violence elsewhere in Cairo and in other parts of Egypt
  • All times in GMT

    Supporters of the ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi say the security forces have begun operations to clear their two huge sit-ins in Cairo. The BBC's James Reynolds has seen an armoured bulldozer heading towards barricades protecting one of the protest camps outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, in the north-east of the capital. He says he can hear bursts of gunfire, a nearby side street has been blocked off, and plumes of black smoke can be seen in the distance.


    A security tells the AFP news agency: "It is the beginning of the operation to disperse the protesters."


    Al-Arabiya TV is broadcasting images of clouds of tear gas, collapsed tents and tires burning at the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest site.

    James Reynolds BBC News, Cairo

    tweets: Raid on Rabaa mosque

    Smoke near Rabaa al-Adawiya protest site (14 August 2013)

    There are already unconfirmed reports of at least five deaths at Rabaa al-Adawiya. The Reuters news agency is quoting an eyewitness as saying that 15 have been killed.


    Security officials say tear gas has been fired into the larger of the two protest camps outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque. At Nahda Square, armoured vehicles have been seen securing the area.


    Egypt's interior ministry has issued a statement saying: "Upon the government's assignment to take necessary measures against the Rabaa and Nahda sit-ins, and out of national responsibility to protect citizens' security, the security forces have started to take necessary measures to disperse both sit-ins. It will provide safe exit for protesters and will not pursue them, except those who are wanted by prosecutors. The ministry is keen not to shed any Egyptian blood."


    The main pro-Morsi protest camp is in a square near the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in the eastern district of Nasr City. You can view a clickable picture of the camp here.


    Before the raid, at around 05:00 local time, the BBC's James Reynolds posted a photo on Twitter of the makeshift barricades outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp.

    Rabaa al-Adawiya camp
    0559: Cairo correspondent for The Independent Alastair Beach

    tweets: From Saleh Salem, huge plume of smoke from direction of Rabaa, abt a km in length & rising high #egypt


    Reuters and AFP news agencies are now reporting at least 15 people killed. An AFP correspondent, who counted the bodies at a makeshift morgue at the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp, said many appeared to have died from gunshot wounds. The BBC is unable to independently verify any numbers.

    Mosa'ab Elshamy

    tweets: In Nasr street saw a couple of police vehicles packed with bearded men under arrest. So much for a safe exit.

    0607: Al Jazeera English Reporter Rawya Rageh

    tweets: Plumes of smoke at #Giza sit-in, car tires set on fire #Egypt

    0610: Bethany Bell BBC News

    The Muslim Brotherhood is reporting at least 25 to 30 people killed. The BBC is unable to independently verify any numbers.


    A bit of background: The two camps were set up by Muslim Brotherhood supporters demanding the reinstatement of former president Mohammed Morsi, who was ousted by the military on 3 July. You can find out more about the key players in the deepening political crisis here.

    0616: BBC Arabic's Claire Read

    tweets: Soldiers a tank and APCs blocking Midan Galaa and corniche leading to #Nahda Square sit-in


    The interior ministry says two members of the Egyptian security forces have been killed in the clearing operation, AFP reports. Egyptian state TV said one policeman has been killed.

    0621: Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad el-Haddad

    tweets: 30 deaths in #Rabaa thus far & counting. R we just numbers now !!! is there an acceptable death-toll number every1 is waiting 4.


    A makeshift hospital is appealing to Egyptians to offer cars and ambulances to help move the injured, pro-Muslim Brotherhood Ahrar 25 TV reports.

    0628: daliaziada

    tweets: Police forces offering cars to #Morsi supporters who wants to leave strikes in #Cairo & #Giza peacefully without armed resistance

    0629: Bel Trew

    tweets: Huge plumes of black smoke coming from inside the sit-in which is completely surrounded, can hear gunfire trying to get into Rabaa

    0633: Feyonka

    tweets: Mobil fuel station on el Nasr Road near #Rabaa sit in, has a huge fire.. This is a huge hazard. Please leave immediatley if you are around

    0635: Bethany Bell BBC News

    Interior ministry says the smaller of the two camps - Nahda Square - has now been completely cleared.

    0637: Mosa'ab Elshamy

    tweets: Finally made it into Rabaa. Tear gas unbearable.

    0639: Bethany Bell BBC News

    The Muslim Brotherhood is urging supporters to return to the camps and converge on the big mosques in the city.


    The protesters are supporters of deposed President Mohammed Morsi, who was ousted just one year after taking office. To find out what led to the current political crisis in Egypt, take a look at the BBC's Q&A: Egypt in turmoil.

    0643: Bethany Bell BBC News

    The Muslim Brotherhood, which supports the ousted president, has called the operation to clear the camps a "massacre".


    The Muslim Brotherhood says 50 people have now died. The Egyptian interior ministry says two members of the security forces have been killed and nine others wounded. The BBC is unable to independently verify any numbers.

    A poster of deposed Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in front of smoke rising from Rabaa al-Adawiya camp on 14 August

    This agency photo shows smoke rising from the camp at Rabaa al-Adawiya. Security forces started to clear the protest camps shortly after 05:00 GMT

    0652: Gregg Carlstrom, Al Jazeera journalist

    tweets: Speaker on stage in Raba'a, addressing army: "Don't kill us, we are not Israelis, we're not terrorists, we are Muslims, we are Egyptians."


    Pro-Muslim Brotherhood TV has shown footage of a man on the main stage at the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp calling on the international community to take action.

    "We will stay here under any circumstances because we love the free life. We will not be slaves to (Defence Minister Gen Abdul Fattah) al-Sisi, army and police... Now we have 45 people killed and 100 injured. Please do something," he said.

    The BBC is unable to independently verify any numbers.

    0657: Ahmed Nasri

    tweets: Reports say the army is filming the operations in #Rabaa and #Nahda this morning. And will be aired later today!

    0700: Bel Trew

    tweets: They've got every road blocked off and are firing at anyone trying to get in: tear gas, birdshot bullets and what sounds like live ammo

    0705: James Reynolds BBC News, Cairo

    We can hear live ammunition and there is a sting of tear gas in the air at the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque. Police in armoured vehicles are taking up positions on the corners of roads but they say one exit is still open for protesters.

    0707: James Reynolds BBC News, Cairo

    We are unable to get to the camp now but I went there two hours before the raid began. There were hundreds, possibly thousands, of protesters but it is not known how many left before the security forces arrived.

    0710: The Independent's Alastair Beach

    tweets: Chopper overhead, great plumes of smoke in sky, heavy gunfire inside siege a few 100 yards from Rabaa

    0712: Washington Post's Abigail Hauslohner

    tweets: Gunfire coming from Nasr city side streets too. A woman bystander is crying "god save us.


    The UK-based spokesperson for the Muslim Brotherhood, Mona al-Qazzaz, spoke to BBC Radio 4's Today programme:

    "I'm asking the international community, please step in and stop this massacre. We all knew that this massacre was going to happen, but the international community has been silent."

    0719: Bethany Bell BBC News

    The Muslim Brotherhood says 120 protesters have been killed and several thousand injured. The BBC has no independent confirmation of those figures.

    A screen grab from Egyptian state TV shows police forces in Rabaa al-Adawiya camp on 14 August 2013

    Egyptian state TV has been showing security forces moving in to disperse the main protest camp at Rabaa al-Adawiya.


    Egyptian state-run Nile News TV reports the arrest of 35 protesters "in possession of arms and ammunition" at the Rabaa al-Adawiya encampment.


    The health ministry says there have so far been no confirmed deaths from the security operation to clear the protest camps, according to state-run Mena news agency. The number of wounded is being counted, it adds.

    The BBC cannot independently confirm any figures.

    0728: Shadi Hamid

    tweets: Army/MOI using brute force is no surprise. But what's genuinely scary is reports of citizens on the edge of Raba'a cheering them on.

    0730: Mohamed Soltan

    tweets: Phones about to die. Electricity cut off. Bird shots and live shots fired directly at stage

    0735: Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor

    The protesters had been expecting the clearance operation. It is a heavy-handed operation and is a consequence of the current "winner takes all" climate. Both sides are sticking to their positions and will push as hard as they can. The middle ground in terms of trying to get an agreement doesn't really exist.


    Eyewitness Murad Ahmed describes the scene at a makeshift hospital at Rabaa al-Adawiya to Reuters: "It is nasty inside, they are destroying our tents. We can't breath inside and many people are in hospital," he said.


    The BBC's Bethany Bell describes the clearing of the protest camps in this video. She says security forces are combing the area around Nahda Square and are looking for some Muslim Brotherhood supporters who may have taken refuge in a nearby zoo.

    0744: Hend Tabana

    tweets: Conflicting reports on how the police attack started, when, how many dead, injured, arrested in both #Rabaa and #Nahda sit ins


    To recap: At least 15 people have reportedly been killed as Egyptian security forces clear protest camps in Cairo. But the Muslim Brotherhood, which backs the protests, put the number of casualties much higher.


    Security forces moved into the two camps - at Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque and Nahda Square - in armoured vehicles at 05:00 local time. There have been reports of gunfire and tear gas. Egyptian authorities say the smaller Nahda Square camp in western Cairo has now been cleared.

    Egyptian security forces throw tear gas at supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi at a protest camp in Cairo on 14 August 2013

    Thick clouds of black smoke rise up over the main protest camp in the eastern district of Nasr City, as security forces try to disperse pro-Morsi supporters.


    The protesters are supporters of deposed president Mohammed Morsi, who was ousted by the army in July after just a year in power. Read the BBC's Q&A for the bigger picture on the current crisis in Egypt.

    0758: Journalist Club

    tweets: Crowds gathering is being reported in #Alexandria and #Suez to protest against clearing of sit-ins


    There are reports coming in of all train services in and out of Cairo being stopped "for security reasons and to prevent people from mobilising," according to AFP, quoting the railway authority.

    Plumes of smoke rise from Rabaa al-Adawiya camp on 14 August 2013

    Egyptian security forces moved in with armoured vehicles to try and disperse the protest camps in Cairo in the early hours of Wednesday morning.

    0806: Claire Read, BBC Arabic, Cairo

    tweets: Cairo emergency services are reporting 5 dead and 52 injured #Egypt #Rabaa #Nahda

    0810: Gehad El-Haddad, spokesman for Muslim Brotherhood

    tweets: All power shut off in #Rabaa, nothing is working even in medical center rooms. Shooting still continuing w/ same intensity & brutality


    The Egyptian cabinet is due to convene an emergency meeting over the latest developments in Cairo, the BBC's Kifah Arif reports.

    0816: Hugh Sykes BBC News, Cairo

    The clear-up operation continues in eastern Cairo. I cannot see the main sit-in at the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque from where I am as all the roads have been blocked off by military vehicles and police in riot gear.

    There is a pall of smoke and a helicopter circling the area. There are some very angry people here and there is also great sadness at what they say is the end of Egyptian democracy.

    Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood supporters flee tear gas fired by police in a street leading to Rabaa al-Adawiya camp in Cairo on 14 August 2013

    This shot shows Muslim Brotherhood supporters fleeing tear gas fired by police into a street leading to the main protest camp at Rabaa al-Adawiya.


    The security forces have started to advance into the larger of the two camps at Rabaa al-Adawiya, which has yet to be cleared, AP reports.

    0825: Mohamed Soltan

    tweets: Bodies coming in from all directions as tear gas live rounds being shot at us continuously from every direction


    There are reports of pro-Morsi supporters taking to the streets in other parts of Egypt. Protesters have blocked main roads in Alexandria, northern Egypt, and hundreds gathered outside the governors office in Aswan, southern Egypt, according to the BBC's Barbara Groom.

    There also reports of protesters storming a local council building in the governorate of Matrouh, north-western Egypt.


    Egyptian interior ministry spokesman Abdel Fattah Uthman says several Muslim Brotherhood leaders have been arrested.

    "We arrested a number of Muslim Brotherhood leaders, but it is too soon to announce their names," Mr Uthman told Egypt's private CBC TV.

    Muslim Brotherhood supporters help a woman suffering from tear gas exposure near the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp on 14 August 2013

    Pro-Morsi supporters help a woman suffering from exposure to tear gas near the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp.

    Egyptian riot police gather in a street leading to Rabaa al-Adawiya camp on 14 August 2013

    Egyptian security forces are reportedly advancing on the main encampment in the eastern district of Nasr City.

    A protester carries an injured Morsi supporter after clashes with police near a protest camp on 14 August 2013

    A makeshift medical centre has been set up to treat injured protesters near the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp. There has been no independent confirmation of the number of people killed and wounded.


    Pro-Morsi demonstrator Tamer el Nashar tells BBC World Service's Newsday programme the protesters are organising themselves to confuse the authorities.

    "We're trying to arrange certain meeting points so that we can move, so that the protesters can move in large numbers and come in from various places to cause great confusion to the police forces and the armed forces that are attacking the sit-in in Rabaa al-Adawiya."


    In an earlier statement, the Interior Ministry said it was keen not to shed any Egyptian blood and that it would provide a safe exit for all protesters who weren't facing prosecution.

    0854: Gigi Ibrahim

    tweets: In response to army & police attack of pro-Morsy sit-ins few churches and copts-owned shops have been burned or attacked in upper #Egypt


    The Egyptian health ministry says the death toll now stands at seven people killed and 67 wounded. The Muslim Brotherhood has put the casualty figure much higher at more than 100. The numbers have not been independently verified.

    Muslim Brotherhood supporters wear gas masks to protect against exposure to tear gas on 14 August 2013

    Muslim Brotherhood supporters wear gas masks to protect against exposure to tear gas.


    Despite train travel coming to a halt in and out of Cairo, airports are operating as normal, Egypt's minister of aviation tells state-run Nile News TV.

    Debris and destruction left in the streets after police storm a pro-Morsi sit-in at Rabaa al-Adawiya on 14 August 2013

    This image shows the debris left behind after police move in to dismantle the protest camp in the Cairo district of Nasr City.

    Bulldozers move in to destroy the protest camp near Cairo's Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque on 14 August 2013

    Egyptian security forces' bulldozers move in to destroy the protest camp set up by Muslim Brotherhood supporters in eastern Cairo.

    0915: Ikhwanweb

    tweets: Coup regime disrupts railroad services to & from the South, and shuts down internet services around #Rabaa and #Nahda squares


    There are reports emerging of some churches in other parts of Egypt being torched and destroyed. Quoting security sources, Reuters reports clashes between security forces and Muslim Brotherhood supporters in Minya, 250km south-west of Cairo, after they set fire to part of a church in the city.


    Churches being targeted is not new. Since President Mohammed Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood were removed from power by the military in early July, Islamist extremists have targeted Egypt's Christian minority, holding them partly responsible. The BBC's Caroline Wyatt has written about the backlash.

    0930: Mohamed Abdel-Ghaffar, a pro-Morsi supporter

    told the BBC: "I was at Nahda Square a few hours ago. I left the square before the authorities moved in. I'm now in front of the Mustafa Mahmoud mosque located in the Mohandessin area in the middle of Cairo. Our main demand is the return of our democratically-elected president."

    0934: The BBC's Nick Woolley

    tweets: Been watching and filming the clearing of Rabaa camp. Lots of gunfire, teargas and smoke. #rabaa #cairo #bbc

    0937: Claire Read, BBC Arabic, Cairo

    tweets: Health Ministry says of 10 killed in Cairo, 4 at #Nahda, 4 near #Rabaa and 2 policemen

    Egyptian security forces stand guard behind detained protesters from the pro-Morsi camp in Nahda Square on 14 August 2013

    Protesters from the Nahda Square camp are detained by security forces after their sit-in was dispersed.

    0945: Abdullah Alhussainy, who lives near Rabaa al-Adawiyya mosque

    told the BBC: "I live about 100 metres away from the square. The military started clearing the camp around 07:00 when I was awoken by the commotion. I can now see from my window about 50 military personnel moving in even closer. They have been shooting and throwing tear gas canisters."


    For a close-up look at the Rabaa camp, here's a clickable picture from July.


    The Egyptian army has now reportedly moved in to help police disperse the pro-Morsi sit-in around the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, according to state TV. Nile News said members of an army special force and parachute troops have joined the operation.

    0954: Bethany Bell BBC News

    Vastly conflicting numbers of casualties. Health ministry says seven, Muslim Brotherhood says 300. It is very difficult for us to confirm these figures.

    Moving around the city is difficult. Major roads have been blocked, by both the police and the Muslim Brotherhood.

    1000: David Kirkpatrick, The New York Times, Cairo

    In Egypt, no safe exit from Rabaa pro Morsi sit in, snipers with live ammunition, birdshot, tear gas, heave casualties, 1000s still inside


    The private Al-Hayat TV channel in Egypt says the security forces have besieged two leading figures of the Muslim Brotherhood in a building near the Rabaa al-Adawiya sit-in.


    International reaction to the clearing of the protest camps is starting to come in. A European Union spokesman, Michael Mann, says reports of deaths are "extremely worrying" and calls for restraint from the authorities.

    German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has called on both sides to renounce violence. "All further bloodshed must be prevented," he told reporters.

    1016: Ahmed Fathy, Alexandria

    emails: What is happening around here is far from imagination. They cut the main three streets in Alexandria and some cars have been burnt. Demonstrations in Alexandria come from everywhere, supporting Morsi and condemning what is happening in Cairo.

    1022: Nabil Gamal-Eldin, Cairo

    emails: I am currently in Abbas el-Akkad and can hear gunshots. There are two to three helicopters surrounding the area. This morning my eyes were also irritated from the tear gas whilst passing through Nasr City.

    I was outside just moments ago hearing gunshots and can hear and see helicopters flying very low indeed to get a good view of the current situation in Rabaa al-Adaweya.

    Supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi chant slogans against Egyptian Defence Minister Gen Abdel Fattah Sissi during clashes with Egyptian security forces in Cairo's Mohandessin neighbourhood on 14 August

    People have reportedly taken to the streets elsewhere in Cairo and across Egypt against the clearing of the protest camps. Here, pro-Morsi supporters chant slogans against Defence Minister Abdul Fattah al-Sisi in the Mohandessin district of Cairo.


    Defence Minister Abdul Fattah al-Sisi was seen as instrumental in the downfall of former president Mohammed Morsi. He led the army intervention on 3 July, suspending the constitution and calling for fresh elections. You can read more about Gen Sisi's pivotal role and background here.


    World Have Your Say is on air now talking to people on the streets of Cairo. You can listen to the BBC World Service show live here and contribute on Facebook and with #WHYS on Twitter


    Egypt's chief Sunni Muslim cleric has said he did not know about the security forces' operation to disperse the pro-Morsi sit-ins.

    In a televised statement, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayyib, called on all sides to exercise restraint and begin talks to resolve the crisis.

    1045: Dr. Mostafa Awadh, Rabaa, Cairo

    emails: I am on holiday with my family in Rabaa. We woke up around 6:30am to explosions and the smell of gas - it was terrifying. I heard a few shouts for people to withdraw, hurried to the balcony to offer some protection, but surprisingly found police forces running from the random live shots from low altitude flying helicopters.

    1048: Wael Ossama, Cairo

    tweets: Mohandseen streets are emptier than they usually are on friday noons. Anticipation rises as sound of gunfire erupts every once n a while

    Riot police fire tear gas at members of the Muslim Brotherhood and supporters of deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi around Nahda Square on 14 August 2013

    This picture was taken around Nahda Square in the west of the city. It was the site of a smaller protest camp, which the Egyptian authorities say they have cleared.

    1056: Hannah Taha, Mohandessin, Cairo

    emails: I can hear gun shots, chanting and loud car honks. Unbelievably horrid. I can't leave my apartment and from the view of my window there are so many people outside just chanting and walking.

    Supporters of Egypt's ousted president Mohammed Morsi clash with Egyptian security forces in Cairo's Mohandessin neighborhood

    Violence has spread to other parts of Cairo, as supporters of the ousted Egyptian president take to the streets to protest against the clearance of the camps.


    The Egyptian government has released a statement expressing sorrow over the bloodshed. Speaking on state-run TV, a spokesman said the government blamed the Muslim Brotherhood "for any blood spilled" and urged protesters to refrain from using violence.

    The government will confront attempts to attack state buildings and police stations, he warned.

    1108: Bethany Bell BBC News

    tweets: Conflicting unconfirmed reports of casualties in Cairo. Muslim Brotherhood says hundreds dead, the authorities say around a dozen killed.

    1112: Alastair Beach, Cairo correspondent for The Independent

    tweets: At a second morgue in Rabaa, 31 bodies. Injured being treated alongside the dead.

    Supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi surround a burning police car during clashes with Egyptian security forces in Cairo's Mohandessin neighbourhood on 14 August 2013

    Thousands of anti-government demonstrators are said to have gathered outside a mosque in the Mohandessin district, western Cairo, where a police car was set on fire.


    The BBC's James Reynolds was at Rabaa al-Adawiya, the main protest camp, minutes before security forces went in. In his report, he describes seeing policemen testing their gas masks and police trucks lining up on side streets ahead of the raid.

    1123: Mosa'ab Elshamy, Egypt

    tweets: Literally felt a bullet pass over my shoulder. Heard a buzz similar to that of a gigantic mosquito traveling at the speed of light. Eerie.

    A fire rages in a protest tent as Egyptian security forces moved in to disperse supporters of Egypt's ousted president Mohammed Morsi on 14 August  2013.

    The camps were set up in July after the elected president Mohammed Morsi was deposed by Egypt's military after mass protests against him. This latest bloodshed is the culmination of weeks of violence at the two sites between security forces and pro-Morsi protesters. Here's a timeline of the protests.

    Riot police clear the protest camp at Rabaa al-Adawiya square on 14 August 2013

    The move to clear the two protest camps came after days of warnings by the military-backed government, which termed the sit-ins a "threat to national security".


    More international reaction... this time from Turkish President Abdullah Gul who said that armed intervention against the protesters was "completely unacceptable". Turkey was one of the few countries to reject the military's ousting of Mohammed Morsi last month, calling for the restoration of democracy in Egypt.

    Supporters of Egypt's ousted president Mohamed Morsi run from tear gas smoke shot by police to disperse a pro-Morsi camp, on August 14, 2013 in Cairo

    The BBC has put together a gallery of pictures showing the military-backed government's clearance of two protest camps in Cairo.


    Reuters says Qatar has condemned the camp clearances. State news agency QNA quotes a foreign ministry official urging Egyptian authorities to "refrain from the security option in dealing with peaceful protests and to preserve the lives of Egyptians at protest sites".


    Iran has also condemned the Egyptian authorities' actions. The Iranian foreign ministry said it disapproved of "violent actions and condemned the killing of people", and expressed its "deep concern regarding the dangerous consequences of such actions", Iranian news agency Mehr reports.

    An Egyptian woman tries to stop a military bulldozer from going forward during clashes at a protest camp near Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque on 14 August 2013

    Western journalists say they saw at least 40 bodies in one makeshift morgue at the camp near the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque.

    1157: Mervyn, Alexandria

    emails: I am working in Amreya Public Free Zone in a garment factory. The factories are closing up two hours earlier than usual to facilitate employees reach home early and safely, fearing road closures and anticipating the escalation of violence.


    UK Foreign Secretary William Hague says he is "deeply concerned" by the escalating violence and unrest in Egypt.

    "I condemn the use of force in clearing protests and call on the security forces to act with restraint. Leaders on all sides must work to reduce the risk of further violence. Only then will it be possible to take vital steps towards dialogue and reconciliation."


    Nine people have been killed in the province of Fayoum, south of Cairo, a hospital official told Reuters.

    The deaths followed fighting at police stations between supporters of Mr Morsi and the security forces. There were also clashes reported outside the provincial governor's offices.


    There are more reports coming in of unrest spreading to other parts of Egypt - this image is of a local council building in the northern city of Alexandria, reportedly stormed by supporters of Mr Morsi:

    Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt"s ousted president Mohamed Morsi storm and set fire to a local council building

    A spokesman for Egyptian interim government says on Nile TV that it "salutes the efforts of the security services for imposing order in relation to the clearing of the gatherings" which "resulted in relatively low casualty figures when taking into account the number of people at these gatherings".

    The British Embassy in Cairo

    tweets: #British Embassy in #Cairo closed to public today & tomorrow. We'll review for Sunday. British citizens can call 002 02791 6000 in emergency


    German Foreign Minister Guide Westerwelle has called today's events "an extremely dangerous escalation of violence" and has urged "all political forces to return to dialogue".

    Journalist Bel Trew

    tweets: A man just died in front of us shot in the chest with a bullet. Paramedics tried to revive him by Rabaa sit-in


    Egypt's health ministry has issued a new casualty toll: It says 23 people have been killed, including six policemen, and 300 injured at the two Cairo protests, with seven killed in other areas, including Behira, Beni Suef and Suez. Five more were killed in Fayoum governorate, it says.

    The Muslim Brotherhood has put death toll in Cairo in the hundreds, but there is no way to independently confirm casualty figures yet. Correspondents say the army is preventing access to Cairo hospitals.

    Nadia El-Awady

    tweets: My friends are continuously posting news of deaths of their friends in today's massacre. Our hearts are breaking.


    Security forces have been detaining some of those present at the sit ins; these men were arrested near Cairo University:

    Egyptian security forces detain supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi

    The official Mena news agency reports troop reinforcements at "vital facilities" north of Cairo, while security forces have been "heavily deployed around prisons for fear of any attempt by supporters of deposed president Mohammed Morsi to break into them".


    Egypt's health ministry has raised its casualty toll again: it now says 56 have been killed and 526 injured nationwide.

    Police vehicle pushed off 6th October Bridge by protesters in the eastern Nasr City district of Cairo, 14 August 2013

    Pro-Morsi supporters are continuing to confront the police in Cairo, here pushing a vehicle off the 6th October Bridge in the suburb of Nasr City.


    The UK Sky News TV channel confirms the death of its cameraman Mick Deane in the Cairo unrest.


    Sky News has issued a statement on cameraman Mick Deane's death in Cairo:

    Mick was part of a Sky News team reporting on the disturbances in the city with Middle East Correspondent Sam Kiley when he was shot and wounded. Despite receiving medical treatment for his injuries, he died shortly afterwards.

    Mick, 61, was a hugely experienced broadcast journalist. He had worked with Sky News as a camera operator for 15 years, most recently across the Middle East and previously in the United States. He was married with two sons.


    John Ryley, Head of Sky News, says of Mick Deane's death:

    "Everyone at Sky News is shocked and saddened by Mick's death. He was a talented and experienced journalist who had worked with Sky News for many years. The loss of a much-loved colleague will be deeply felt across Sky News. Our thoughts and prayers are with his wife and family. We will give them our full support at this extremely difficult time."

    Journalist Andrew Hammond

    tweets: Cairo is at a complete standstill. Streets deserted, shops shut. Army/police seem to hope it'll be over in 1-2 days, then weekend for mopup


    The army's crackdown on the camps has provoked strong diplomatic reaction from around the world - read the latest in this roundup.


    Egypt's stock exchange and banks to close on Thursday amid unrest, Reuters quotes Egyptian officials as saying.

    Claire Read, BBC Arabic, Cairo

    tweets: BBC Arabic's Khaled Ezzelarab says he personally counted 50 bodies at #Rabaa


    Journalist Habiba Ahmed Abd Elaziz, 26, who worked for Gulf publication Xpress, was also killed in the unrest, her employers said. "She was passionate about her work and had a promising career ahead," Xpress deputy editor Mazhar Farooqui said. Ms Abd Elaziz, who was Egyptian, had been on leave at the time, her employers said.


    EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton says she deplores the loss of lives, injuries and destruction in Cairo and other places in Egypt. "I call on the security forces to exercise utmost restraint and on all Egyptian citizens to avoid further provocations and escalation," she said in a statement.

    The EU, together with the US, has been trying to mediate the growing political crisis in Egypt in recent weeks.

    Yussre El Bardicy, Cairo

    emails: I'm an Egyptian-American in the Cairo suburb of Abbasaya right now. My two brothers and father are flying in from the US tonight for my grandmother's funeral but no one will be able to pick them up because no one can get to the airport. Additionally, we tried contacting the tourism services to pick them up but all refused out of concern for their safety. We are not stepping one foot out of our apartment because conditions are that dangerous - a little ridiculous considering I want to attend my beloved grandmother's funeral.

    Nada Wassef

    tweets: Apparently MB supporters have set up a new sit-in in Mostafa Mahmoud sq.


    The emergency services in Egypt have raised the official death toll to 95, with 758 injured.

    Breaking News

    The Egyptian interim government has declared a state of emergency across the country starting at 14:00 GMT. It is expected to last one month.

    Sky News undated handout photo of their cameraman Mick Deane who was shot dead covering the clashes in Egypt

    Sky News have released this picture of cameraman Mick Deane, who was shot dead covering the clashes.


    In a televised statement, the government has also ordered the army to support the interior ministry in imposing security as violence continues in Cairo and other parts of Egypt.


    Read the BBC's breaking news story on the state of emergency, which has just come into effect.


    The daughter of a senior Muslim Brotherhood figure Mohamed el-Beltagy has reportedly been killed in the security crackdown in Cairo.

    A spokesperson for the main pro-Morsi coalition, the Anti-Coup Alliance, told AFP that 17-year-old Asmaa el-Beltagy was shot once in the chest and once in the back during clashes at the Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp. Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad also confirmed on his Twitter account that she had been killed.

    1408: Bethany Bell BBC News

    The Muslim Brotherhood has been urging supporters to join those at the main Rabaa al-Adawiya camp. But it is difficult for people to get there as the roads have been shut off, some by the army and some by the brotherhood.

    A Muslim Brotherhood supporter fires fireworks towards police during clashes in Cairo on 14 August 2013

    The unrest has spread beyond Cairo with the cities of Minya, Assiut and Alexandria on the northern coast also affected.


    More international reaction: UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has condemned the force used by Egyptian security forces to clear the protest camps. The UN chief says while it is still gathering information, it appears hundreds of people were killed or wounded in clashes between security forces and protesters.

    Riot police and army soldiers protect themselves with riot shields as Muslim Brotherhood supporters throw stones during clashes around the area of Rabaa al-Adawiya square on 14 August 2012

    The health ministry says both protesters and police officers were among the dead in its latest casualty toll. It is currently saying 95 have been killed and 874 injured.

    Journalist Sharif Kouddous

    tweets: Just left Rabaa. Scenes of bloodshed and chaos in hospital. I saw at least 65 dead bodies. Many more wounded.


    Egypt's media coverage of the clearance operation in Cairo has been deeply polarised, with little middle ground between the TV stations backing former president Mohammed Morsi and those supporting the army that ousted him. You can read more about the coverage here.

    Channel 4's Matt Frei

    tweets: So shocked and sad to hear that my old friend Mick Deane has been killed in Cairo. Great friend, great cameraman. He survived cancer.


    Both France and Italy have condemned the violence and called for dialogue to be resumed.

    Italian foreign minister Emma Bonino said: "I appeal to all the Egyptian forces to do everything in their power to halt the violence that has erupted there, and to avoid a blood bath."

    "France utterly deplores the violence that occurred in Cairo during the crowd-clearance operations," says a statement posted on the website of the French foreign ministry.

    Riot police stand guard over detained supporters of deposed Egyptian president Mohammed Morsi, as they read from the Koran, in the smaller protest camp close to Cairo University on 14 August 2013

    Riot police stand guard over detained Muslim Brotherhood supporters at the smaller protest camp near Cairo University.

    1501: Breaking News

    A curfew has been imposed from 19:00-06:00 in several Egyptian provinces including Cairo, according to state media


    Details of Egyptian curfew include:

    • Granting the army the authority to help the police to take whatever action it deems appropriate to maintain security
    • Putting restrictions on the freedoms of persons, movement and traffic in certain places at certain times, and the arrest of suspects or persons the authority deem dangerous to public order
    • Surveillance on messages of any kind, and monitoring newspapers and publications and all means of advertising prior to publication

    Further details of curfew:

    • Deciding the opening and closing times for public places
    • Authority to withdraw licences of arms, ammunition and explosive materials, and to close armouries
    • Authority to evacuate and control movement in certain area
    A supporter of Mr Morsi shoots a gun towards police at the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque area in Cairo's Nasr City, 14 Aug

    A supporter of Mohammed Morsi shoots a gun towards police near the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in Cairo's Nasr City.

    1519: Breaking News

    White House condemns violence against Egyptian protesters, opposes the declaration of a state of emergency by the military


    White House deputy press secretary Josh Earnest says Egyptian interim government must respect human rights of their people, says there is no ambiguity in the US position - "it is a message that has been communicated to the Egyptians at a range of levels".

    Mr Earnest says a review of US aid to Egypt is continuing.


    The White House says the "world is watching" the events in Egypt and urges the Egyptian military leaders to "show restraint".


    One reporter at the White House news conference points out that, were the US to describe what has happened in Egypt as a "coup", it would affect the legality of what it was able to provide as aid - currently an estimated $1.5bn (£1bn).


    Health ministry official tells Reuters that the death toll in unrest in Fayoum, south of Cairo, has risen to 35

    Aesha Jadhav, Cairo

    emails: I am tired of hearing that the only people in Rabaa al-Adawiya are pro-Morsi or MB, because they are not. I have close friends and family who support democracy, understanding that MB may be a bitter medicine to a better country. After so many years of military rule, we couldn't have expected to reform in one year or in 10 years for that matter, because of the level of corruption in public and private sectors. Latest I heard from friends and family members, some are currently trapped inside the Rabaa field hospital, another lost his life, all very educated doctors and engineers, who support the idea of MB was the only way to move to eventual democracy.


    UK PM David Cameron on Sky cameraman Mick Deane's death: "I want to say how sorry I am about the death of Mick Deane. You know, it's an incredibly brave and important job that he was doing - it's essential that cameramen are in places like Egypt, because otherwise none of us would know what is happening - but obviously our thoughts should be with his family and with his friends at this very, very difficult time for them."


    UK PM David Cameron on the general situation in Egypt: "This violence is not going to solve anything. What is required in Egypt is a genuine transition to a genuine democracy - that means compromise from all sides: the President Morsi supporters, but also the military. We don't support this violence, we condemn it completely, it's not going to solve the problems."

    Mohamed Ashraf

    tweets: Smell of gunshot powder and fire all over #NasrCity, suffocating and the weather is getting hotter


    Latest figures from Egyptian health ministry put death toll on Wednesday at 149, with 1,403 injured

    1552: Breaking News
    Mohamed ElBaradei

    Nobel laureate Mohamed ElBaradei resigns from his post as Egypt's interim vice president.

    Anders Fogh Rasmussen

    Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen says he is "deeply concerned by the situation in Egypt and the continuing reports of bloodshed. I deplore the loss of life.

    "Egypt is an important partner for Nato through the Mediterranean Dialogue. I call on all sides to exercise restraint and refrain from violence and to work to restore the political process."


    One hour to go before Egyptian curfew comes into force. Applies to the provinces of Cairo, Giza, Alexandria, Beni Sueif, Menya, Assiut, Sohag, Beheira, North Sinai, South Sinai and Suez.


    Mohamed ElBaradei, in his letter of resignation, says there were peaceful options for ending the country's political crisis

    Jonathan Marcus BBC diplomatic correspondent

    The simple fact is that, in the short-term, there is very little foreign pressure that can be brought to bear to influence events in Egypt. Of equal concern is how events in Cairo and elsewhere may influence other tenuous political transitions in the region. Above all the Egyptian crisis underscores that the events of the so-called Arab Spring were not a moment in history but part of a drama that will unfold over many months if not years.

    Damaged petrol station near Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in Cairo on Wednesday

    Wednesday's clashes have left scenes reminiscent of a warzone, such as this torched petrol station near the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque.


    Part of the letter of resignation of the interim government's vice-president, Mohamed ElBaradei:

    "It has become difficult for me to continue bearing responsibility for decisions that I do not agree with and whose consequences I fear. I cannot bear the responsibility for one drop of blood."


    African Union's Peace and Security Council issues a statement on Egypt:

    It says: "Council strongly condemned the acts of violence that led to the loss of numerous human lives in Cairo and elsewhere in Egypt today and urged all Egyptian stakeholders, in particular the interim authorities, to exercise utmost restraint."


    Islamist group Hamas, which controls Gaza, condemns events in Egypt. Spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri tells AFP: "Hamas condemns the terrible massacre in Nahda square and at Rabaa al-Adawiya, and we call for an end to the bloodshed and to excesses against peaceful demonstrators."


    TV images from Cairo show demonstrators streaming out of the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque area, having apparently been given safe passage out by authorities, and the BBC's Bethany Bell in Cairo says all four roads around the mosque have also been opened.

    1643: Kim Ghattas BBC News, Washington

    There is a sense of inevitability in Washington, that this violence would happen at some stage despite visiting US officials' attempts to mediate some kind of political compromise. At the moment the US has no real friends on either side of the political divide in Egypt, and little leverage.


    Medical sources tell Reuters that 15 people have been killed in clashes between Morsi supporters and security forces in the Suez Canal city of Ismailia.

    Maria Abi-Habib, Wall Street Journal Middle East reporter

    tweets: #Egypt - I've never seen so much hatred on the streets. And I worked in #Afghanistan for three years and am from #Lebanon

    1648: Bethany Bell BBC News

    There are reports security forces have entered the field hospital at the area of the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, looking for people prosecutors want to speak to


    Despite Egypt being under a state of emergency, its football team still play Uganda in a friendly in the Red Sea town of el-Gouna. Egypt win 3-0.

    Tom Rayner, Sky News Middle East News Editor

    tweets: In our attempt to show the world the horror at Rabaa today, we lost the heart of our team. I can't find more words now. We love you Mick

    Protest at Rabaa al-Adawiya, 14 August

    Police have now taken control of the main Rabaa al-Adawiya protest camp in Cairo, reports say, after fierce earlier clashes.

    1700: Breaking News

    Curfew comes into force in many parts of Egypt. Applies from 19:00 local time (17:00 GMT) to 06:00 in the provinces of Cairo, Giza, Alexandria, Beni Sueif, Menya, Assiut, Sohag, Beheira, North Sinai, South Sinai and Suez.


    For those joining us now, these are Wednesday's main events: Many people are reported to have been killed in raids by Egyptian security forces in Cairo as they clear protest camps of supporters of the ousted president Mohammed Morsi. Casualty figures vary hugely.

    The Muslim Brotherhood says over 2,000 have died. The Health Ministry reports 149 deaths across the country with more than 1,400 injured. Pro-Morsi supporters say a massacre has taken place, but their opponents accuse some of them of committing extreme violence against the security forces.

    Violence has also been reported outside Cairo. The office of the Egyptian presidency has declared a state of emergency nationwide and a night-time curfew in some 11 provinces including Cairo.

    Supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi take cover from security force fire in Cairo, Egypt on 14 August 2013

    Supporters of the ousted president take cover as security forces fire into the Rabaa al-Adawiya camp in Cairo and move bulldozers in to clear the crowds in this image from earlier on Wednesday. Police are now in control of the camp, according to reports.


    Reporters on the ground in Cairo say people were seen leaving the sit-in sites carrying their personal belongings. They describe clouds of smoke hanging over the city and fires along the streets where tent tarpaulins and poles are burning.


    Amid the violence, the Egyptian Central Bank has told commercial banks to close their branches in areas affected by violence, AP reports. The pyramids of Giza and the Egyptian Museum, a main museum in Cairo, were also shut on Wednesday, according to the Ministry of Antiquities.

    Farida, Cairo

    tweets: When push comes to shove, El Baradei vanishes. #Egypt


    According to al-Jazeera, Tamarod, an anti-Morsi grassroots protest group, has issued a statement condemning the resignation of Vice-President Mohamed ElBaradei, saying he is "running away from responsibility".


    Here is a round-up of the dramatic and disturbing day's events in pictures


    On Wednesday, Mohamed el-Beltagy of the Muslim Brotherhood urged pro-Morsi supporters to keep protesting: "We are facing a massacre, or even a war of genocide. This is unprecedented, even in conventional wars."


    It is now being reported by Reuters that Mr Beltagy has been arrested by Egyptian security forces along with another senior Muslim Brotherhood figure, Essam el-Erian. Earlier on Wednesday, Mr Beltagy said his 17-year-old daughter had been killed in the clashes.

    A pro-Morsi supporter holds a gasoline bomb as he passes a fire barricade in Cairo, Egypt on 14 August 2013

    A pro-Morsi protester holds a petrol bomb as he crosses a fire barricade on Wednesday.

    Bel Trew, Cairo-based journalist

    tweets: I've never seen such a bloody fight in Egypt. The security forces kept us ducking behind cars, under a barrage of bullets for 8 hours straight

    daliaziada in Cairo

    tweets: After burning churches and coptic facilities earlier today, #MuslimBrotherhood supporters are burning police stations now!! #Egypt


    US Secretary of State John Kerry is making a statement in Washington, calling the situation in Egypt "deplorable" and appealing for calm. "The United States strongly condemns today's bloodshed and violence across Egypt," he said.


    "Violence is simply not a solution in Egypt or anywhere else," Mr Kerry said. "Continued political polarisation will only further tear the Egyptian economy apart." Mr Kerry said the US supported the people of Egypt and said the interim government and military needed to offer inclusive steps forward."


    He called on all parties to avoid violence in Egypt, saying: "There can only be political solution by bringing people together." Mr Kerry added he believed an inclusive way forward was still possible, but that Wednesday's events had greatly complicated the situation.


    Reports are emerging on Twitter of more bodies at the site of the pro-Morsi encampment, which was cleared by Egyptian forces earlier in the day. But a security official told the AFP news agency that the situation in Rabaa al-Adawiya was "totally under control".

    Mohammed Nabil

    tweets: Humanity has taken a back seat here in Egypt


    Egyptian Prime Minister Hazem Beblawi is now addressing the nation. He said that when things spiralled out of control, action needed to be taken, according to Al-Jazeera.


    Mr Beblawi said the decision to disperse the protester camps was a difficult one. He added that the state of emergency laws will remain in place until order has been restored, Al-Jazeera reported.


    Vice-President Mohamed ElBaradei discussed his resignation by phone with US Secretary of State John Kerry, according to a US state department spokeswoman.


    The state department spokeswoman added that foreign aid from the US to Egypt is still under review. Under US laws, recognising the removal of Mr Morsi as a "coup" would shut off $1.5bn (£1bn) to the country. The majority of the funds goes to the Egyptian military.


    We are now hearing from the Egyptian Interior Minister Mohammed Ibrahim. He said security forces were surprised by gunfire and heavy ammunition when they dispersed pro-Morsi camps on Wednesday.


    Mr Ibrahim added that demonstrators fired from high-rise buildings at security forces, and that leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood told their followers to attack police stations.


    According to the interior minister, 43 police officers were killed, and Mr Ibrahim made particular reference to the Keradasa police station, where several officers reportedly died in an attack.


    The interior minister said in his televised statements that police were given instructions not to use weapons to disperse protesters. His comments contrast with some accounts from witnesses, including journalists, who said they heard gunshots and live ammunition as the pro-Morsi camps were being cleared.


    Across the country, members of the Muslim Brotherhood have been arrested and are being interrogated, Mr Ibrahim said.


    During the televised statement, Mr Ibrahim said: "We will not allow any other sit-in in any square in any place in the country."

    Pro-Morsi supporters take to the streets of Cairo, Egypt on 14 Egypt 2013

    Women were among the Morsi supporters on the streets of Cairo on Wednesday.


    Earlier reports quoted security officials as saying leading Muslim Brotherhood figures Mohamed el-Beltagy and Essam el-Erian had been arrested - but Mr Ibrahim is now quoted as saying they have not.


    What is at stake for the Muslim Brotherhood? The BBC's Shaimaa Khalil takes a look at what drives the protesters who say they are "ready to die" and pledge to stay on the street in the face of the current violence.


    An Egyptian health official has updated Wednesday's civilian death toll, according to media reports. The official says suggest 235 people have died in the violence and 2,001 are injured. The count could rise further, the official warns.


    According to al-Jazeera, 61 people were killed in Rabaa al-Adawiya, the main pro-Morsi encampment. A further 21 people died in Nahda Square and 18 were killed in Helwan. The rest of the deaths were reported in other parts of Egypt, the network said.


    In addition to the civilian death toll, the health ministry official reports 43 police officers killed, say reports - making a total of 278 dead.


    The US may call off its biennial "Bright Star" military exercise with Egypt in protest at the latest violence, a US official tells Reuters

    Protesters shout slogans during a demonstration condemning the deadly crackdown in Cairo, on the Istiklal avenue in Istanbul on 14 August 2013

    The crackdown by Egyptian authorities has triggered protests far from Egypt's borders, with demonstrations reported in Turkey (shown here), Tunisia, Jordan, Sudan, Kuwait and elsewhere.

    2113: Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor

    in Cairo says the ferocity of the assault on the Muslim Brotherhood suggests the army wants to eliminate it altogether as a political force. What has happened on Wednesday has done nothing to solve Egypt's political crisis, but will only deepen it, he warns.

    Tammer Salem in Cairo

    emails: The real issue here is that the Muslim Brotherhood made deals with the West to control all Islamists in the region in exchange for support. But the people of Egypt revolted against their lies and ineptitude. I hope this can be resolved with the minimum number of causalities - but the Muslim Brotherhood must be dealt with, for good. We didn't start a revolution against Mubarak's autocratic regime, only to end up with another regime.

     A supporter of deposed Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi reacts after identifying the body of a dead family member at of the Rabaa al-Adaweya Medical Centre in the Nasr City district on 14 August 2013 in Cairo, Egypt

    This day will never be forgotten by people including these Cairo women, who have just identified a family member and Morsi supporter killed in the bloodshed.


    That's the end of our live coverage for now on a day of violent scenes in Cairo and elsewhere. Please check the BBC News main Egypt story for further updates.


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