Ex UN envoy predicts Syria will be 'failed state'

Lakhdar Brahimi January 2014 The veteran Algerian diplomat stepped down from his role as UN envoy after peace talks failed

Syria could become a "failed state" similar to Somalia, the former UN envoy to the country has predicted.

Veteran diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi, who stood down last week, also said that the conflict would "blow up" and spread beyond Syria's borders.

His warning came as a Norwegian vessel with the first part of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal left the country.

The operation to destroy Syria's chemical weapons arsenal is several months behind schedule.

Mr Brahimi made the comments in an interview with German newspaper Der Spiegel in one of his first interviews since stepping down.

"It will be become another Somalia," he warned. "It will not be divided, as many have predicted. It's going to be a failed state, with warlords all over the place."

He criticised Iran and Russia for supporting the Syrian government, and said President Bashar al-Assad was "100% aware" of the way the war was being conducted.

"He knows a hell of a lot. Maybe he doesn't know every single detail of what is happening, but I'm sure he is aware that people are being tortured, that people are being killed, that bombs are being thrown, that cities are being destroyed," he said.

More than 160,000 people have been killed since the Syrian conflict started in 2011, with millions forced to flee their homes.

'Worse than Afghanistan'

Mr Brahimi said that both the Syrian government and the opposition had committed war crimes "every day" and warned that "people will be held responsible one day".

Homs skyline, from the roof of the damaged Khalid ibn al-Walid mosque (25 July 2013) Large parts of Syria's main cities, particularly Aleppo and Homs, have been destroyed.
A woman holds a picture of re-elected Syrian President Bashar al-Assad as she celebrates in Damascus after he was announced as the winner of the country"s presidential elections on June 4 Syrian President Bashar al-Assad was re-elected for another seven-year term last week

The Algerian diplomat said the conflict would destabilise countries close to Syria and further afield.

"The UN Security Council had no interest in Afghanistan, a small country, poor, far away. I said one day it's going to blow up in your faces. It did. Syria is so much worse!" he said.

Mr Brahimi chaired two rounds of peace talks between the Syrian government and the opposition movement in Geneva, but the negotiations ended in deadlock, prompting his resignation.

Weapons deadline looms

On Sunday, a Norwegian cargo ship carrying about 500 tonnes of chemical weapons from the Syrian government's arsenal set sail for Finland and the United States.

The operation to completely destroy Syria's chemical weapons stockpile was meant to have been completed by 30 June.

However, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) says this deadline will now not be met.

Correspondents say fighting and the threat of attack by rebel groups has severely delayed the removal of the weapons.


Syria's chemical weapons

• 21 August 2013: Chemical weapons attack in Ghouta region near Damascus

• 14 September: US and Russia agree deal on destruction of Syria's chemical weapons

• 31 December: Initial deadline for removal of most dangerous "Priority One" chemicals from Syria - missed

• 4 February 2014: Initial deadline for removal of less hazardous "Priority Two" chemicals - missed

• 27 April: Revised deadline for removal of all chemical stocks from Syria

• 30 June: Deadline for destruction of Syria's entire chemical arsenal

Destroying Syria's chemical weapons

Syria chemical weapons removal plan


More on This Story

Syria's war War in Syria

More Middle East stories


Features & Analysis

Elsewhere on the BBC

  • Audi R8Best in show

    BBC Autos takes a look at 10 of the most eye-catching new cars at the 2015 Geneva motor show


  • Kinetic sculpture violinClick Watch

    The "kinetic sculpture" that can replicate digital files and play them on a violin

Try our new site and tell us what you think. Learn more
Take me there

Copyright © 2015 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.