Middle East

Syria: Kobane situation remains 'dangerous' says US

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Media captionThe BBC's Quentin Sommerville: "They operate in broad daylight, seemingly undeterred by the threat of American air strikes"

The situation in Kobane in northern Syria remains "dangerous" says US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel.

Fighting between Islamic State militants and Kurdish defenders continues, with more than 500 people reported dead in a month of conflict.

Mr Hagel said that US-led air strikes had made progress against the militants, but they still occupied areas on the town's outskirts.

The fight against IS in Syria and Iraq would be a long-term effort, he said.

US aircraft have bombed IS positions as Kurdish fighters cling on to the town's vital border crossing with Turkey.

Mr Hagel, speaking in Chile, said: "We are doing what we can do through our air strikes to help drive back Isil," as IS is also called.

"In fact there has been some progress made in that area,"

Need for arms

At least 553 people are said to have died in a month of fighting for Kobane.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based Syrian opposition body which monitors the conflict, counted 298 IS fighters among the total of the dead.

The town's Kurdish defenders say they are outgunned on the ground.

"The supply of fighters is very good..." Kobane official Idris Nassan told Reuters news agency. "But fighters coming without arms, without weaponry, is not going to make a critical difference."

Turkey, wary of its recent long conflict with its own large Kurdish population, has ruled out any unilateral ground intervention.

Mr Hagel said that the US had made "considerable progress" in talks with Turkish officials over plans for Turkey to train moderate Syrian rebels and provide them with equipment for their fight against IS militants.

He said US military teams would hold more talks in Turkey in the coming week.

But he declined to comment further, saying he was waiting for Turkey to make its own announcement.

Some 200,000 Syrian Kurdish refugees have crossed the border since the IS advance began nearly a month ago.

Meanwhile, fighting has continued in Iraq, where IS overran large parts of the north during the summer.

Kobane resounded to small-arms fire and explosions on Saturday following the failure of a pre-dawn IS offensive to take more ground.

According to the Pentagon, US air strikes on IS targets at Kobane since Friday have hit an IS fighting position; damaged a command and control facility; destroyed a staging building; struck two small units of fighters; and destroyed three lorries.

Mr Nassan said the air strikes had helped the Kurdish fighters regain some territory in the south of the city but they were not enough.

"A few days ago, [IS] attacked with a Humvee vehicle, they use mortars, cannons, tanks," he said. "We don't need just Kalashnikovs and bullets. We need something effective since they captured many tanks and military vehicles in Iraq."

Image copyright APF
Image caption Airstrikes have continued around Kobane, but their effectiveness is limited
Image copyright EPA
Image caption Basel in Switzerland was one of several European cities to see pro-Kurdish rallies on Saturday
Image copyright Reuters
Image caption A Syrian Kurdish refugee and her child at a camp in Suruc, Turkey

In Europe, at least 20,000 Kurds living in Germany marched in the city of Duesseldorf on Saturday to highlight the threat to Kurds in Kobane.

At a smaller rally in the Austrian town of Bregenz, two people were stabbed and seriously wounded when Kurdish protesters clashed with a rival demonstration, said to involve Turks and Chechens.

Pro-Kurdish rallies were held in other European cities including Paris, Basel and Barcelona.

Are you in Kobane or the surrounding area? Are you affected by the fighting? You can email haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk.

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