Maldives profile - Media
- 21 January 2013
- From the section Asia
The government operates TV and radio networks. A handful of private TV and radio stations have been licensed.
Broadcasters and newspapers carry criticism of the state, but officials have powers to close outlets. Self-regulation means that little official action is taken against journalists.
The constitution protects freedom of expression, but places curbs on speech deemed "contrary to the tenets of Islam", notes US-based Freedom House.
"Religion is becoming a taboo subject," warned Reporters Without Borders in 2012. It cited the case of journalist Ismail Rasheed, who was targeted by officials on the grounds that his blog contained anti-Islamic material.
Months later, Mr Rasheed nearly died in an attack outside his home. He blamed hardline Islamists for the assault.
There were nearly 137,000 internet users by December 2012 (Internetworldstats.com). The blocking of Christian websites by the Ministry of Islamic Affairs is a concern, notes Freedom House.
- Maldives National Broadcasting Corporation - state-run, operates MNBC One, Youth TV
- DhiTV - private
- VTV - private
- Maldives National Broadcasting Corporation - state-run, operates Raajje Radio, entertainment-based Radio Eke and music-based Rajjee FM
- Capital Radio 95.6 - private, carries some BBC World Service programmes
- HFM 92.6 - private
- DhiFM 95.2 - private
- Minivan News - private